The Arab Muslim world has a long tradition of songs and chants for the holy month of Ramadan. This film tells the fascinating behind-the-scenes stories of four popular pieces.
 
The song Ramadan Gana, or Here Comes Ramadan, is often played on TV to coincide with the start of Ramadan. Its simplicity, familiar lyrics and the singer’s warm voice make it hugely popular in the Arab world. 

Ramadan Four Songs
Ramadan Gana was recorded by Egyptian singer Mohammed Abed el Matleb [Screengrab/Al Jazeera]

Wahawi Ya Wahawi, or Welcome Ramadan Moon, was first performed by an Egyptian singer in the 1930s and later in a 1953 Egyptian movie by a five-year-old Lebanese girl, Hayam Younis, who still clearly remembers singing it. Decades on, she describes filming the song which became a timeless classic.

Four Ramadan Songs
Hayam Younis performed the song Wahawi Ya Wahawi in a 1953 Egyptian movie when she was five [Screengrab/Al Jazeera]

Mawlay, or My Lord God, is a religious chant derived from a prayer. Former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat encouraged the Sufi figure Sayed Naqshband to work with the famous Egyptian composer, Baligh Hamdi, whose speciality was love songs. Despite early misgivings they found common ground, and the result was a deeply spiritual chant.

Four Ramadan Songs
Mawlay was recorded by respected Sufi figure Sayed Naqshbandi [Screengrab/Al Jazeera]

Allou El Bayarek, or Hang Out Ramadan Flags, dates back to the Lebanese Civil War and was written for a children's choir at a Beirut orphanage. Composer Ahmed Kaboor had a vision of colourful flags, lights and lanterns hanging from every building.

Four Ramadan Songs
Composer, Ahmed Kaboor, wanted to create a contrast to grey and war-torn 1980s Lebanon [Screengrab/Al Jazeera]

This film is a rich mix of music, theology and social and cultural history, weaving together interviews and rare video archive to offer a different take on Ramadan.

Source: Al Jazeera