Donald Trump guilty on all counts in hush-money trial, New York jury finds

Verdict in historic trial against former US president comes just months before country votes in November elections.

Former United States President Donald Trump has been found guilty in a historic criminal hush-money trial, in a decision that could shake up the 2024 election campaign.

He has become the first US president, past or present, to be charged and convicted of a crime.

A New York City jury delivered the verdict on Thursday afternoon after a seven-week-long trial – and it found Trump guilty on all 34 counts he faced.

Prosecutors had called nearly two dozen witnesses to testify, and after closing arguments concluded on Tuesday, the jury took two days to render a verdict.

Trump was accused of 34 felony counts of falsifying business documents in relation to a hush-money payment made to adult film star Stormy Daniels in the run-up to the 2016 US presidential election.

Prosecutors argued that Trump attempted to cover up the payment in an effort to improve his chances in the race, which he ultimately won.

The former Republican president, who is set to face off against Democratic incumbent Joe Biden in November’s election, had pleaded not guilty.

He now faces a prison sentence of up to four years for each felony count, though court observers say it is unlikely he will face time behind bars, as opposed to probation or community service.

At the end of Thursday’s proceedings, a sentencing date was set for July 11, at the request of defence lawyer Todd Blanche. That hearing falls four days before the start of the Republican National Convention in Wisconsin, where Trump is expected to be officially recognised as the party’s presidential nominee.

Outside the courtroom, Trump briefly spoke to reporters, saying, “This was a rigged, disgraceful trial. The real verdict is going to be November 5, by the people. And they know what happened here.”

He also hinted at a much-anticipated appeal, reiterating that he is “a very innocent man”.

“We will fight for our constitution. This is long from over. Thank you very much,” he said as he quickly turned and left.

Reporters, meanwhile, shouted questions as he walked away: “Why should voters vote for a convicted felon?”

“Are you going to drop out?”

A protester holds up a sign that says "guilty"
A protester outside the Manhattan Criminal Court holds up a sign that announces the guilty verdict on May 30 [Mike Segar/Reuters]

Lead-up to the verdict

Tensions were high in the courtroom in the lead-up to the jury’s decision. Moments before the jury announced it had reached a verdict, Judge Juan Merchan appeared prepared to wind down the closed-door deliberations for the day, announcing a cut-off at 4:30pm local time.

But at 4:20, a note from the jury arrived, announcing the impending verdict and asking for 30 more minutes to fill out forms.

A silence fell over the room. Judge Merchan warned the courtroom against any outbursts. In the audience sat District Attorney Alvin Bragg, who announced the 34-count indictment against Trump on April 4, 2023, as well as Trump’s supporters, including his son Eric.

As the guilty verdict was read, court observers noted that Trump looked emotionless, his eyes downcast.

But before the proceedings ended, Blanche, the defence lawyer, made a last-ditch effort to have the verdict nullified, citing what he called problems with key testimony from Trump’s former lawyer, Michael Cohen.

“We move for a judgment of acquittal,” Blanche told Judge Merchan. “There’s no basis and no way this jury could have reached a verdict without accepting the testimony of Michael Cohen.”

The judge, however, quickly denied the motion, and with that, he thanked the jurors and ended the proceedings. “You’re excused with the gratitude of the court,” Merchan told the 12 jury members.

The New York case was one of four criminal indictments Trump faced. It is likely to be the only one to go to trial before the November election.

Trump supporters wave flags and hold banners outside the Manhattan court.
Supporters of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump wait outside the Manhattan criminal court to hear the verdict on May 30 [Cheney Orr/Reuters]

Looking ahead to the election

Melanie Sloan, a former prosecutor and government ethics expert, told Al Jazeera the guilty verdict is likely to drive a wedge between Trump and more moderate constituencies.

“He knows this is a political problem. He knows there are a lot of Americans who might be willing to put up with a lot of stuff from Mr Trump, but convicted by a jury of 12? That might be a bridge too far for the independent voters who are on the fence about Donald Trump,” she said.

“They might have liked his economic policies, but they don’t like all the drama.”

Sloan also dismissed the notion that the trial was orchestrated by members of the Biden administration, something Trump suggested as he left the court.

“How can President Biden be behind any of this? This is a state court. President Biden didn’t appoint this judge, didn’t appoint this prosecutor. He has literally no role in a state prosecution.”

But Al Jazeera correspondent John Hendren pointed out that Trump’s base will nevertheless see political motives undergirding the conviction – and they may be galvanised by Thursday’s decision.

“It is interesting to see that so far nothing has really tainted his appeal among his die-hard supporters,” he said.

“With each of the 91 charges he faces in each of four cases, his popularity actually rose among Republicans. So it hasn’t hurt him among them. What is likely to happen, though, is there are likely going to be people in the middle who might look at this differently.”

A police officer separates crowds outside the Manhattan Criminal Court
A New York Police Department officer separates Trump supporters from a protester outside the Manhattan Criminal Court during jury deliberations on May 30 [Cheney Orr/Reuters]

Reactions divided

Still, Republicans rallied to Trump’s support in the aftermath of the verdict, raising questions about the decision – and its political implications.

“Today is a shameful day in American history,” Republican House Speaker Mike Johnson said in a statement.

Like the defence team, Johnson questioned whether the testimony of Cohen, a disbarred lawyer and a former member of Trump’s inner circle, should have been allowed in court.

Cohen himself was convicted in 2018 over the hush-money payment and sentenced to prison. But given his proximity to Trump during the 2016 election – and his involvement in the hush-money deal – prosecutors relied on him to reveal the inner workings of Trump’s finances.

“Democrats cheered as they convicted the leader of the opposing party on ridiculous charges, predicated on the testimony of a disbarred, convicted felon,” Johnson said. “This was a purely political exercise, not a legal one.”

Trump’s eldest son, Donald Trump Jr, reacted by calling the verdict evidence of the US’s decline.

“The Democrats have succeeded in their years long attempt to turn America into a third-world ****hole,” he wrote on social media, using an expletive. He appealed to voters to back his father: “November 5 is our last chance to save it.”

Members of the Biden campaign likewise used the verdict to rally voters, highlighting the decision in the context of the election.

“In New York today, we saw that no one is above the law,” campaign communications director Michael Tyler said in a statement.

“But today’s verdict does not change the fact that the American people face a simple reality. There is still only one way to keep Donald Trump out of the Oval Office: at the ballot box.”

Alvin Bragg gestures as he speaks into a microphone at the podium.
Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg holds a news conference on May 30, after the verdict was read [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

Bragg speaks after verdict

But the verdict elicited reactions beyond Washington, DC, even having ripple effects in the stock market.

Shares in Trump Media & Technology Group, a company in which Trump is the majority stakeholder, dipped by 14 percent in the immediate aftermath of the decision. The company went public last March.

Cohen, whose testimony proved pivotal to the prosecution, also weighed in on social media, sharing a photo of a TV screen showing the network MSNBC carrying Thursday’s news.

“Today is an important day for accountability and the rule of law,” he wrote. “While it has been a difficult journey for me and my family, the truth always matters.”

A little more than two hours after the verdict was read, Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg gave a news conference, acknowledging the contribution of the 12 jurors and six alternates in the case.

“Jurors perform a fundamental civic duty. Their service is literally the cornerstone of our judicial system,” he said.

He noted the “everyday New Yorkers” on the jury heard lengthy testimony from 22 witnesses and reviewed documents ranging from cheques to accounting ledgers.

“The 12 everyday jurors vowed to make a decision based on the evidence and the law – and the evidence and the law alone. Their deliberations led them to a unanimous conclusion, beyond a reasonable doubt, that this defendant, Donald J Trump, is guilty of 34 counts of falsifying business records in the first degree, to conceal a scheme to corrupt the 2016 election.

“And while this defendant might be unlike any other in American history, we arrived at this trial – and ultimately today at this verdict – in the same manner as every other case that comes through the courtroom doors: by following the facts and the law and doing so without fear or favour.”

Bragg declined to answer reporter questions about whether prosecutors would pursue a prison sentence. He also defended his decision to bring the case to trial: “I did my job. Our job is to follow the facts and the law.”

Source: Al Jazeera