Largely peaceful rally descended into chaos after small group of protesters grabbed a Chinese flag and tried to burn it.
The United States-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) urged the international community to push back against “the most brutal and pervasive oppression China has seen in decades” as it released its annual report on the situation of human rights across the world.
It also warns that China’s growing political influence and efforts to censor people abroad pose an “existential threat to the international human rights system.”
“If not challenged, Beijing’s actions portend a dystopian future in which no one is beyond the reach of Chinese censors, and an international human rights system so weakened that it no longer serves as a check on government repression,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of the human rights watchdog group.
On Sunday, Roth was denied entry to Hong Kong where he had planned to launch the report.
China last month announced sanctions on HRW and other US nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) as a countermeasure to the US Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, which supports anti-government protests in Hong Kong and threatens China with sanctions for human rights abuses.
Beijing says the NGOs are encouraging violent crime linked to anti-government protests in Hong Kong that have plagued the city for more than six months. Roth has rejected the accusation.
Chinese state media has also broadly blamed fake news and Western interference for the landslide victories of pro-democracy candidates in Hong Kong and Taiwan.
The HRW report, released at the United Nations on Tuesday, also accused Hong Kong police of using “excessive force” and have “increasingly restricted freedom of assembly” there.
It criticised Hong Kong’s pro-Beijing leader Carrie Lam for refusing to launch an independent investigation into police abuses.
Roth also described a range of atrocities being perpetrated by Beijing against the Uighurs, the Turkic-Muslim group in China’s far-western Xinjiang region.
According to Roth, Beijing’s crackdowns on Uighurs and protesters in Hong Kong are enabled by its construction of a “vast surveillance state.” He urged foreign leaders and international organisations to put more pressure on China’s government.
“Beijing has long suppressed domestic critics,” said Roth. “Now the Chinese government is trying to extend that censorship to the rest of the world.”
Beijing has previously criticised Human Rights Watch over its investigations on surveillance technology and re-education camps in Xinjiang.
Beijing denies any mistreatment of Uighurs or others in Xinjiang, saying it is providing vocational training to help stamp out religious violence and attempt at secession and to teach new skills.
China has always been sensitive to rights allegations, but in the past year it has become increasingly forceful in rebuking criticisms, which have periodically threatened to derail trade negotiations with the United States.
When it came to countering China on human rights, Roth said several important governments have been “missing in action.”
“(US President Donald) Trump has lost credibility because he so often embraces friendly autocrats, rather than defend the human rights standards that they flout,” Roth said.
Meanwhile, the European Union has been diverted by Brexit and is divided over migration, he added.
Chinese diplomat Xing Jisheng addressed reporters at the end of the news conference, saying China totally rejected the HRW report as prejudiced and fabricated.
“Hong Kong is a part of China, so given what you said here, I think it is clear to all why you have been barred such entry,” Xing told Roth.
The 652-page World Report 2020 also details rights abuses in Syria, Yemen and North Korea.