Iraqi civilians share their plight as casualties continue to mount from US-led coalition air strikes in Mosul.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) group now controls less than 7 percent of Iraq, down from the 40 percent it held nearly three years ago, an Iraqi military spokesman has said.
Iraqi forces backed by US-led air strikes and other support are now battling ISIL inside second city of Mosul, after retaking much of the other territory the group had seized.
Brigadier General Yahya Rasool told reporters on Tuesday that ISIL “controlled 40 percent of Iraqi land” in 2014.
“As of March 31 [this year], they only held 6.8 percent of Iraqi territory,” said Rasool, the spokesman of the Joint Operations Command coordinating the anti-ISIL effort.
Various members of the forces, Iraqi and foreign, battling ISIL have disagreed in the past on figures about control of territory, but ISIL has been losing ground steadily for close to two years.
ISIL shocked the world when it took over Mosul in June 2014 and then swept across much of the country’s Sunni Arab heartland.
Its reach in Iraq peaked in August the same year when a second offensive saw it take over areas of northern Iraq that were home to various minorities and had been under the control of forces from the country’s autonomous Kurdish region’s forces.
Iraqi forces with the backing of the US-led coalition – which has thousands of military personnel deployed in Iraq and carries out daily air strikes – began a major offensive to retake Mosul in October 2016.
They retook control of the eastern side of the city, which is divided by the River Tigris, in January and have since mid-February been battling the group holed up in their last west Mosul redoubts.
The full recapture of Mosul, the de facto capital of the “caliphate” that ISIL proclaimed nearly three years ago, would end the groups’ dreams of a cross-border state.
Speaking at the same press conference in Baghdad on Tuesday, the spokesman for the US-led coalition vowed that Iraq would not be abandoned after the recapture of Mosul.
“Once that task is accomplished, the coalition will be here to support our Iraqi partners as they eliminate ISIL from every corner of Iraq,” Colonel John Dorrian said.
“Though the fighting is going to be very hard … this enemy is completely surrounded. They aren’t going anywhere – they will be defeated and the people of Mosul will be free,” he said.
The coalition has come under criticism following an air strike in west Mosul last month that took a heavy toll on civilians, a strike it admitted may have been its own.
“Every strike that we conduct, we conduct using precision-guided munitions. Every strike that we conduct is coordinated directly with the Iraqi security forces,” Dorrian said.
“We are very careful. We never, ever target civilians. Never. We reject anyone who says that we do, that is not happening, we only target Daesh,” he said, using an Arabic acronym for ISIL.
But even if ISIL members are targeted, the fact that they are operating in areas still home to large numbers of residents means that civilians can easily still end up the victims.
ISIL still controls the large towns of Hawijah and Tal Afar, as well as remote areas along the border with Syria in western Iraq.
In Syria itself, it also holds the city of Raqqa and other areas.