Several figures close to Namibian President Hage Geingob have been filmed discussing the laundering of political contributions, an Al Jazeera investigation has revealed.
In Anatomy of a Bribe, Al Jazeera’s Investigative Unit exposes corruption in Namibia‘s fishing industry, implicating the country’s now former minister of fisheries and marine resources, Bernhard Esau, as well as Geingob’s personal lawyer, Sisa Namandje.
Posing as Chinese investors, Al Jazeera journalists attempted to enter the Namibian fishing industry to acquire highly lucrative fishing quotas for a proposed joint-venture with Namibian fishing company Omualu.
During the investigation, Esau requested a donation of $200,000 from the Chinese “investors” for the ruling SWAPO party, ahead of the country’s general election that took place on Wednesday.
Filmed with hidden cameras, Esau can also be seen accepting an iPhone from Al Jazeera’s reporters.
Under the instructions of Omualu’s managing director Sacky Kadhila-Amoomo, the donation was to be laundered to the SWAPO party, under the guise of a foreign investment in a real-estate.
The donation was to be channelled through the trust account of Sisa Namandje, who has been the personal lawyer of all Namibian presidents since the country’s independence in 1990.
He is also the returning officer of the ruling SWAPO party for internal elections.
“You guys must be careful speaking to people about paying the minister,” Namandje told the undercover reporters when asked to confirm if he was happy with his trust account being used to launder funds to the SWAPO party’s election campaign.
“If you speak to a number of people about that, you will end up … [makes handcuff gesture],” he continued.
Namandje refused to discuss the origin or the destination of the money passing through his trust account.
As Al Jazeera’s undercover reporters negotiated a partnership with Omualu, they were asked to make a $500,000 payment and give a 20 percent share of the joint-venture to Mike Nghipunya, CEO of the state-run fishing company Fishcor.
Fishcor would in return provide preferential access to its fishing quotas, which are allocated by the minister of fisheries.
As a public official, it would be illegal for Nghipunya to use his official position for personal gain.
‘I played along’
In response to the investigation, Kadhila told The Namibian newspaper he knew from the start the undercover reporters were “fake businessmen”.
“I played along … in order to confirm my suspicions,” the Omualu managing director said.
Kadhila added he reported the matter to the president’s lawyer, Sisa Namandje, who in turn claimed he had alerted police.
The so-called Fishrot Files, published two weeks ago by WikiLeaks, comprised emails, memos, PowerPoint presentations, company financial records, photos and videos, showing how Samherji, one of Iceland’s largest fishing companies, colluded with senior political and business figures in Namibia to gain preferential access to the country’s lucrative fishing grounds.
These senior politicians include Esau and the former minister of justice Sacky Shanghala, who have both resigned since the documents were published.
Have a tip for Al Jazeera that should be investigated? Find out how to get in touch with us on our Tips page
Documents obtained by Al Jazeera show that, from 2012 to the present day, Samherji made payments totalling more than $10m to Esau, as well as to companies owned by Shanghala, Esau’s son-in-law Tamson Hatuikulipi, and to his cousin James Hatuikulipi, chairman of Fishcor.
The majority of these payments were invoiced to Samherji as “consultancy fees”, according to the documents.
Whistle-blower Stefansson alleges these payments were “bribes” in order to ensure Samherji’s advantageous position in the Namibian fishing industry.
Shortly after Al Jazeera contacted the Namibian government for comment both Esau and Shanghala resigned from their positions.
James Hatuikulipi resigned from his job as chairman of Fishcor, while Thorsteinn Mar Baldvinsson “stepped aside” as CEO of Samherji pending an internal investigation by the company.
Baldvinsson also resigned from the boards of several international fishing companies owned by Samherji.
Election day arrests
On the day of Namibia’s general election on Wednesday, Esau, Shanghala, as well as James and Tamson Hatuikulipi and two others were arrested on corruption and fraud charges. They deny all wrongdoing.
Despite the corruption scandal involving people high up in the government, incumbent President Hage Geingob and the ruling SWAPO party managed to win the elections, Namibia’s electoral commission announced on Saturday.
The Fishrot affair has sparked outrage in both Namibia and Iceland, where voters are increasingly concerned about the levels of corruption among their country’s respective business and political elites.
Last week, hundreds of protesters marched to the Namibian Anti-Corruption Commission calling for the resignation of director Paulus Noa after he was accused of not taking sufficient action against known cases of corruption in the country. In response, the Anti-Corruption Commission moved forward with issuing the arrest warrants.
In Iceland, thousands of people assembled in the main square in front of parliament at the weekend to protest corruption.
Demonstrators called for the resignation of the country’s Minister of Fisheries Kristjan Thor Juliusson, who used to be on the board of Samherji.
He has been a close friend with the disgraced former CEO Baldvinsson.
Speaking in parliament, the member of parliament for the Icelandic Pirate Party, Halldora Mogensen said: “The myth of Iceland’s innocence is dead.”
All of the parties implicated in the fraud in Al Jazeera’s film deny any wrongdoing. In a press statement, Samherji claims it has “nothing to hide” from any investigation.