Snowden, a former government contractor, blew the lid off the United States’ vast surveillance programme in 2013, triggering an international debate on the mass spying by governments.
The US whistleblower highlighted Israel’s hi-tech capabilities but warned that accepting too much government surveillance and too easily acceding to the argument that it is needed for security reasons posed serious risks.
“If we can allow ourselves to be terrorised by someone with nothing but a knife, to reorder our societies for the convenience of state power … we’ve stopped being citizens and we’ve started being subjects,” said Snowden, who spoke via video link from an undisclosed location in Moscow.
The 35-year-old also spoke of the NSO Group, the Israel-based company known for its Pegasus spyware.
Vast scope of surveillance
The software has been pinpointed by independent experts as likely being used in a number of countries with poor human rights records.
“The idea is that companies like this increasingly are popping up all around the world,” Snowden said.
In one case, international experts investigating the disappearance of 43 students in Mexico in 2014 were targeted with the spyware after it had been sold to the government, the experts said.
NSO Group says its product is intended to be used only for investigating and preventing crime and violence.
It says it investigates allegations of improper use.
Snowden, a former contractor with the US National Security Agency, leaked thousands of classified documents to the press which revealed the vast scope of surveillance of private data put in place after the 9/11 attacks.
The US has charged him with espionage and theft of state secrets, but Snowden said he still loves his country and hopes to return home.
The US whistle-blower has defended the leak that forced him to take asylum in Russia.
But he said risks had to be taken since “this world will only ever be as good as we make it”.
Snowden spoke to an invited audience in Tel Aviv at an event organised by Israeli public relations agency OH! Orenstein Hoshen.