US decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital widely criticised during Security Council emergency session.
The head of the Arab League has called US President Donald Trump’s decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital “dangerous and unacceptable” and a “flagrant attack on a political solution” to the Israeli- Palestinian conflict.
The statement by Ahmed Aboul-Gheit, the regional bloc’s secretary-general, came after an emergency meeting of foreign ministers from 22 Arab states in Egypt’s capital, Cairo, on Saturday.
Aboul-Gheit said Trump’s decision was “against international law and raises questions over American efforts to support peace” between Palestine and Israel.
The shift in US policy “undermines Arab confidence” in the Trump administration and “amounts to the legalisation” of the Israeli occupation of Palestine, he added.
Leaders from across the globe made similar remarks in the days before and after Trump’s announcement on Wednesday. The US president also ordered the US embassy be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
World leaders said the move could derail peace efforts.
Demonstrations denouncing the US move were held in a number of other Muslim countries too.
Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki, speaking to reporters ahead of the meeting in Cairo, said Palestinians can no longer accept the US as a broker in the peace process because it has now “positioned itself as a party in a dispute and not as a mediator”.
Calling for a UN Security Council action against Trump’s decision, al-Maliki added, “America is being an aggressor against the Palestinian people and against international law.”
US officials, however, have defended the move, saying Trump remains committed to reviving long-stalled talks between the Palestinians and Israelis.
The status of Jerusalem, home to sites holy to Muslims, Jews and Christians, is one of the core issues in the perennial Israeli-Palestinian conflict. After occupying the city’s eastern part in the 1967 War, Israel annexed the territory, and proclaimed it as its “eternal, undivided capital.”
The Palestinians, however, see East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state, a position Aboul-Gheit backed in his opening statement on Saturday.
“We call upon all countries that support peace to refuse the decision of the US president. We consider the decision unfair and unjust. We call upon everyone to recognise Palestine as a state and East Jerusalem as its capital,” he said.
Speaking at the meeting, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said Trump’s policy change put the “region on the verge of explosion”.
Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, Qatar’s foreign minister, called for “all possible measures under international law”, while his Lebanese counterpart called for the League to consider imposing sanctions on the US.
“Pre-emptive measures must be taken against the decision … beginning with diplomatic measures, then political, then economic and financial sanctions,” said Gebran Bassil.
But despite the rhetoric in the Cairo meeting, Marwan Bishara, Al Jazeera’s senior political analyst, said Arab states, in practice, differed in their reaction to Trump’s decision.
“I doubt that all this will come together and culminate in any serious decision or action plan,” he said.
“We will probably be left once again for the Arab street, rather than the Arab League, to do something moving forward.”
Ali Abunimah co-founder of Electronic Intifada, an independent online news publication focusing on Palestine, concurred.
“The Arab League meeting and the Arab League summit will amount to nothing, as it has amounted to nothing for decades,” he told Al Jazeera from the US city of Chicago.
“All the statements being made by the Arab regimes are strictly for public consumption because the Arab public is clearly outraged as the massive demonstrations in cities across the world showed.
“But in reality, most of these regimes – Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt and Jordan – are very close to Israel. They either have formal or tacit ties and so they will do nothing in practice other than issue statements.”
Meanwhile, the leader of Egypt’s Coptic Church on Saturday cancelled an upcoming visit with US President Mike Pence in protest of the shift in US policy. Pope Tawadros II said Trump’s move “did not take into account the feelings of millions of Arab people”.
The grand imam of Cairo’s Al Azhar Mosque said he would not meet Pence either, while Palestinian leaders stated that Trump’s deputy was not welcome in the occupied territories.