More than 100 Haitian migrants have been found on an uninhabited island near Puerto Rico, United States authorities said, as Haiti continues to reel from a humanitarian crisis brought on by surging gang violence.
Park rangers working for the Puerto Rico Department of Environment and Natural Resources found the group on Mona Island, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) spokesman Jeffrey Quinones said on Tuesday.
“What we know preliminarily is that they were transported in just one vessel,” he said.
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It was not immediately clear if anyone in their group drowned before authorities were notified of the situation. Quinones said authorities are still interviewing the migrants.
Anais Rodriguez, secretary of the Puerto Rico department that found them, said the group included 60 women, including three who are pregnant, as well as 38 men and five children ranging in age from five to 13 years old.
USBP Ramey Sector is currently working on a maritime smuggling event involving approximately 104 migrants who landed on Mona Island. PR Department of Natural Resources provided the initial information, and multi-agency efforts are ongoing to rescue the migrants. pic.twitter.com/rx7pgywAxW
— Scott D. Garrett, Acting Chief Patrol Agent (@USBPChiefRMY) October 18, 2022
Increasing numbers of Haitian migrants and asylum seekers have sought to reach the US in recent months, often by sea, as the Caribbean nation experienced spiralling violence and political instability.
The United Nations warned late last week that approximately 4.7 million people currently face acute hunger across the country.
A gang blockade on Haiti’s main fuel terminal in the capital, Port-au-Prince, has led to dire shortages of electricity, water and food, especially in already impoverished areas of the city where violence is rampant.
Hospitals have been forced to cut back on services as a result of the lack of petrol needed to power generators, and the crumbling healthcare network has complicated efforts to respond to a dangerous cholera outbreak.
Meanwhile, Haiti’s government has called on the international community to help establish a “specialised armed force” to respond to the gangs – but Haitian civil society leaders have rejected the prospect of foreign intervention.
The US ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, said on Monday that the United States and Mexico were working on draft Security Council resolutions in response to the continuing crisis.
The first would impose financial sanctions on Haitian “criminal actors” involved in the recent surge of violence, Thomas-Greenfield said, while the second would “authorise a non-UN, international security assistance mission” in Haiti to restore security and help the flow of humanitarian aid.
It remains unclear what countries would participate, and in what capacity. Thomas-Greenfield said the mission would be led by a “partner country”, but did not say which one that would be.
White House spokeswoman Karine Jean-Pierre on Tuesday also evaded questions about the potential Haiti mission, telling reporters during a news conference only that “conversations are ongoing”.
As the security situation in Haiti deteriorated after last year’s killing of President Jovenel Moise, and conditions worsened in host communities elsewhere in the Americas region, new waves of Haitian asylum seekers have journeyed towards the US.
On Sunday, the US Coast Guard said it had rescued almost 100 people, mostly from Haiti, from an overcrowded boat off the Florida coast. The passengers told Coast Guard crew members that they had been at sea for a week and lacked food and water during the last two days.
Meanwhile, from October 2021 to March, 571 Haitians and 252 people from the Dominican Republic were detained in waters around Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, according to CBP. Of the Haitians, 348 landed on Mona Island and were rescued.
Smugglers frequently use Mona Island as a drop-off point for vessels leaving the Dominican Republic, and often tell migrants that they have reached Puerto Rico even though Mona Island is uninhabited and inhospitable, Quinones said.
“Smugglers do not have any regard for the safety of people they’re transporting. They basically pile them up in a boat,” he said.