Iran’s Rouhani defends IRGC, says US ‘terror’ label a ‘mistake’

Tehran declares the US ‘state sponsor of terrorism’ in tit-for-tat move, while Rouhani vows to defend the elite forces.

President Hassan Rouhani has defended the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as protectors of Iran and said that the US decision to label the Iranian elite force a “terrorist group” was a mistake.

“The guards have sacrificed their lives to protect our people, our [1979 Islamic] revolution … Today America that holds a grudge against the guards, blacklists the guards,” Rouhani said in a speech broadcast live on state television.

In an unprecedented step, US President Donald Trump designated the IRGC a “foreign terrorist organisation” on Monday.

Tehran took retaliatory action by naming the US Central Command (CENTCOM) as a “terrorist organisation” and the US government as a “state sponsor of terrorism”.

Rouhani called the US decision a mistake and other Iranian officials have warned that it will endanger American interests in the region, where Iran is involved in proxy wars from Syria to Lebanon.

“This mistake will unite Iranians and the guards will grow more popular in Iran … America has used terrorists as a tool in the region while the guards have fought against them from Iraq to Syria,” Rouhani said.

Hassan Rouhani said that the US decision to label the Iranian elite force a 'terrorist group' was a mistake [Reuters]
Hassan Rouhani said that the US decision to label the Iranian elite force a ‘terrorist group’ was a mistake [Reuters]

Iran threatens nuclear production

Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said the move was a “misguided election-eve gift to [Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin] Netanyahu”. Israelis are voting to decide if Netanyahu can win a record fifth term in office.

If the US continues to pressure Tehran, Rouhani said, Iran’s nuclear agency will produce advanced centrifuges – used to enrich uranium.

Relations between Tehran and Washington took a turn for the worse in May last year when Trump pulled out of a 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers and reimposed sanctions on the country.

Iran has threatened to exit the deal and to resume its suspended nuclear work if other signatories of the pact fail to protect Tehran’s interest.

“I am telling you [American leaders], if you pressure us, we will mass produce IR8 advanced centrifuges,” Rouhani said in the speech marking Iran’s National Nuclear Day.

IRGC commanders have repeatedly said that US bases in the Middle East and US aircraft carriers in the Gulf are within range of Iranian missiles.

An Iranian revolutionary guard commander warned the US Navy on Monday to keep its warships at a distance from revolutionary guards’ speed boats in Gulf waters.

“Mr Trump, tell your warships not to pass near the revolutionary guards’ boats,” ISNA news agency reported Mohsen Rezaei as saying in a Twitter post.

‘A prologue for war’

Al Jazeera’s Zein Basravi said the implications of labelling the IRGC a “terrorist organisation” could have far-reaching effects, putting “more pressure on remaining international business links that Iran still has”.

“Iranians will tell you the latest move to isolate them and their country goes too far,” Basravi said. 

“For many Iranians, being placed in the same category as groups like al-Qaeda or ISIL will be seen as a major escalation,” he said, adding that Iranians are now more likely to support a “more aggressive” approach by their government when dealing with the US.

Analysts, meanwhile, said the US move caused “an immediate unifying effect” within the Islamic Republic.

“[That was] seen in Parliament – where MPs showed up in IRGC uniforms – and in [the]  media, where even reformist outlets have come up with headlines to rally people around the flag,” said Mohammad Ali Shabani, associate editor of Al-Monitor, a US-based media outlet focused on the Middle East.

But in the capital, Tehran, Iranian citizens expressed concern the latest escalation of tensions between Washington and Tehran could be a “prologue for war”.

It seems that people close to Trump are dragging him into a conflict with Iran … now, if tensions escalate, a sequence of actions from both Iran and the US could easily turn into a battle,” 33-year-old Hamed told Al Jazeera.

Reyhaneh, 27, said she also felt “unsafe” following the tit-for-tat “terrorist” designations.

“I feel things are changing for the worse … this doesn’t look good,” she told Al Jazeera.

Financial pressure

The US has already blacklisted dozens of entities and people for affiliations with the IRGC, but not the organisation as a whole.

Trump on Monday confirmed earlier reports that the US was planning the designation, saying it will continue to increase financial pressure and raise the costs on Iran “for its support of terrorist activity”. 

Tehran has in the past threatened to disrupt oil shipments through the Strait of Hormuz if the US tries to strangle Tehran’s economy by halting its oil exports.

Meanwhile, Iran’s regional rival, Saudi Arabia, welcomed the US decision on Tuesday.

Saudi Arabia, led by a Sunni Muslim royal family, has accused Iran of interfering in its and other Middle Eastern countries’ internal affairs.

Iran and Saudi Arabia have been fighting proxy wars for years, backing opposing sides in conflicts in Syria and Yemen.

“The US decision translates the kingdom’s repeated demands to the international community of the necessity of confronting terrorism supported by Iran,” the official SPA news agency said, citing a foreign ministry source.

The latest designation allows the US to deny entry to people found to have provided the IRGC with material support or prosecute them for sanctions violations. That could include European and Asian companies and businesspeople who deal with the IRGC’s many affiliates.

It also may complicate diplomacy. Without exclusions or waivers to the designation, US troops and diplomats could be barred from contact with Iraqi or Lebanese authorities who interact with IRGC officials or surrogates.

Al Monitor’s Shabani said Washington’s move was unlikely to pay off in the long-term as it was not in step with “how the region works”.

Those behind the … designation appear to seek to put pressure Iran by going after its allies and partners in the region with an “either with us or against us” approach,” Shabani told Al Jazeera.

“Unlike those behind the IRGC’s FTO designation, Iranian leaders have one key advantage: consistency in leadership and the luxury of strategic patience; something that potential one-term White House residents can only dream of,” he added.

“If anyone is aware of Iran’s long game, it is indeed those in power in Beirut [Lebanon] and Baghdad [Iraq] today, many of whom have been in partnership with the Islamic Republic for almost 40 years.”

Source: Al Jazeera, News Agencies