[QODLink]
Africa
Al-Shabab rebels withdraw from Somali capital
Fighters pull back overnight from Mogadishu as spokesman says there would be no pull out from other regions.
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2011 06:23
Islamist rebel fighters are pulling out of the Somali capital of Mogadishu, government and rebel spokesmen said.

Abdirahman Omar Osman, a government spokesman, said on Saturday that al-Shabab was retreating from the city, calling it a "golden victory for the Somali people".

He said government forces have begun deploying cautiously in the pockets of the city previously under al-Shabab control.

The government is urging city residents who fled their homes to return, promising the military will spare no effort in securing their areas.

Ali Mohamed Rage, an al-Shabab spokesman, told a local radio station that the withdrawal was aimed to enable a counter-attack, saying there would be no pull out from other regions of southern Somalia.

He insisted that the move is not a retreat, but rather a change of military tactics toward guerrilla warfare.

The extent of the withdrawal or what it meant was not immediately clear, but Mogadishu residents reported on Saturday al-Shabab fighters leaving their positions overnight in the city.

Witnesses said convoys of al-Shabab vehicles - open-top 4x4s mounted with machine guns - headed south from Mogadishu towards the al-Shabaab-controlled town of Baidoa, 250km southwest of the capital.

Al Jazeera's Peter Greste visited a former al-Shabab building in Mogadishu, which he described as "nothing more than an abandoned shell with a few bits of grafitti around it".

"It sounds like they are planning to continue fighting as a guerrilla force," our correspondent said. "Though it appears weakened, it may still have the capacity to wage a guerrilla campaign here, and that would be a very difficult thing for the African Union troops and the government to defend against."
 
The UN has declared a famine in five areas of Somalia, which has had no functioning government for 20 years.

Al-Shabab, which controls much of the south of the country - where the famine is most severe - says the UN is exaggerating the humanitarian crisis, and has banned most aid groups from operating there.

But al-Shabab has been unable to stem the flow of tens of thousands of hungry people moving out of their areas of control in search of food.

Looting

On Friday, at least seven Somalis, among them refugees, were killed in a firefight in Mogadishu after troops and residents looted vehicles carrying food meant for famine victims, witnesses say.

The witnessess said government troops fired shots and fought among themselves as they looted maize and oil in the Somali capital.

One witness said he saw a soldier killed and dozens of refugees wounded at Badbaado camp, home to about 30,000 refugees.
   
"At least 10 people died and 15 others were wounded," Aden Kusow, himself a refugee, told the Reuters news agency from Badbaado camp.
   
"Seven of those died in the camp. The other three died outside as they fled. Most of those who died are refugees."
   
About 100,000 refugees have reached Mogadishu in the last two months, hoping to escape the brunt of the worst drought to hit the Horn of Africa in decades.

Millions at risk

News of the firefight came as Ahmet Davutoglu, Turkey's foreign minister, called for the 57-nation Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) to hold an emergency meeting on the situation in Somalia.

In Video

Mapping the spread of the Somalia famine

The call for the meeting, which would also deal with the risks that the famine poses to other African countries, follows the postponement until August 25 of an African Union conference on Somalia.

Up to 3.7 million Somalis are at risk of starvation, the majority of them in the south of the country, according to the UN food arm, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
 
US officials say that the famine in Somalia has killed more than 29,000 children in the last 90 days.

The FAO said that famine was likely to spread across all regions of Somalia's south in the next four to six weeks.

Famine, as defined by the UN, refers to situations when at least 20 per cent of households face food shortages so severe that they are unable to cope with it and more than two people out of 10,000 people die daily.

About 450,000 people live in Somalia's famine zones, according to Grainne Moloney, chief technical adviser for the UN's Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit at FAO-Somalia.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lacking cohesive local ground forces to attack in tandem, coalition air strikes will have limited effect, experts say.
Hindu right-wing groups run campaign against what they say is Muslim conspiracy to convert Hindu girls into Islam.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
Muslim caretakers maintain three synagogues in eastern Indian city, which was once home to a thriving Jewish community.
Amid fresh ISIL gains, officials in Anbar province have urged the Iraqi government to request foreign ground troops.