Pakistan captain Misbah-ul-Haq has been banned from the first Test against Sri Lanka in Galle that starts on Friday as punishment for his team's slow over-rate in the final match of the one-day series.
The visitors were three overs short of the required rate during Monday's match in Colombo, the International Cricket Council (ICC) said in a news release on Tuesday.
The ICC added that this was a "serious over-rate offence" in limited-over cricket.
A Pakistan Cricket Board spokesman said Misbah would be replaced as skipper on Friday by vice-captain Mohammed Hafeez.
Hafeez has captained Pakistan in two Twenty20s but has yet to lead the team in a one-dayer or a Test.
The Pakistan players involved in Monday's encounter, a game they lost by two wickets to suffer a 3-1 defeat in the series, were fined 40 per cent of their match fees by the ICC.
The fines were based on a 10 per cent penalty for each of the first two overs and a further 20 per cent for the additional over they failed to bowl in the allotted time of three and a half hours.
It is the second time in six months an international captain has been suspended for a slow over-rate. India skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni was also banned for the fourth Test against Australia in January.
Dhoni was punished for incurring two over-rate breaches in the same form of the game in a 12-month period.
India were three overs short of their required rate in a Test against West Indies in Barbados in June 2011 and then two overs short in Perth this year.