[QODLink]
The Cure

Medical Pioneer: David Nalin

How the invention of a simple rehydration therapy has saved millions of lives.

Last Modified: 25 Sep 2013 06:50
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback

After witnessing a cholera outbreak in what is now Bangladesh in the 1960s, David Nalin helped to develop an oral rehydration therapy which has saved the lives of over 50 million people.

In emergency situations, Nalin noted that the traditional cholera treatment of intravenously hydrating patients was prohibitively slow and expensive.

Instead, Nalin researched oral rehydration and realised that each cholera patient needed to be given the same amount of rehydration fluid as they had lost due to diarrhoea.

By mixing potassium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and glucose into water and giving each patient as many litres as they were lacking, Nalin and his team demonstrated, for the first time, a 70-80 percent reduction in the amount of intravenous fluid needed to save cholera sufferers.

The simple solution was easy to administer and revolutionised the treatment for diarrhoeal disease.

The prestigious medical journal The Lancet described David Nalin and his team’s findings as “potentially the most important medical advance of this century.”

In this animation for The Cure, we mark Nalin’s pioneering work in the world of medicine.

 

Watch  The Cure  on Tuesday: 2230; Wednesday: 0930; Thursday: 0330; Friday: 1630; Saturday: 2230; Sunday: 0930; Monday: 0330; Tuesday: 1630 GMT. 

Join the conversation on  Facebook  and on  Twitter

264

Source:
Al Jazeera
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
People
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Nearly half of Canadians have suffered inappropriate advances on the job - and the political arena is no exception.
Featured
Women's rights activists are demanding change after Hanna Lalango, 16, was gang-raped on a bus and left for dead.
Buried in Sweden's northern forest, Sorsele has welcomed many unaccompanied kids who help stabilise a town exodus.
A look at the changing face of North Korea, three years after the death of 'Dear Leader'.
While some fear a Muslim backlash after café killings, solidarity instead appears to be the order of the day.
Victims spared by the deadly disease are reporting blindness and other unexpected post-Ebola health issues.
join our mailing list