With tens of thousands of Neo Nazi Russians, racist attacks are among the highest in the world.
Now the death of a football fan has sparked the biggest single flare-up of racist violence in Russia for 20 years.
Youths chanting racist slogans began rioting and attacking ethnic minorities last weekend.
They were angry at the way police handled the death of a Muscovite football fan who was killed in a fight with migrants from the North Caucasus in early December.
Thousands of security forces are back on the streets in Moscow, fearing more clashes between hardline nationalist groups and non-slavic minorites.
So why have racist attacks gone unchecked for so long? What is fuelling the anger? And who are the parties involved?
Joining the programme are Ivan Safranchuk, an analyst at the State Institute of International Relations, Murad Musaev, a Chechen lawyer, and Dr Vlad Strukov, a lecturer of Russian studies at the University of Leeds.
This episode of Inside Story aired from Saturday, December 18, 2010.
Source: Al Jazeera