The meeting place of East and West, Turkey has an almost entirely Muslim population. And yet for more than 80 years, Turks have been governed by strictly secular principles; principles introduced by the founding father of the republic, Mustafa Kamal Ataturk.
As Turkey prepares for general elections, amid an increasingly tense standoff between the ruling AKP party - accused of being 'Islamist' by its rivals - and the opposition supported by the military - Al Jazeera's Imran Garda travelled to the country to explore Ataturk's extraordinary - and contested - legacy.
Watch Father of the Turks here:
Father of the Turks aired from 16 July 2007
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