Five years ago, Kennedy Kembo arrived home to find his daughter missing. His wife had secretly taken her to Indonesia.
But Indonesia has not signed The Hague Convention, meaning there is little Australian authorities can do to bring abducted children home.
Australia has the highest rate per capita of international parental child abductions in the world, averaging two a week.
But for Kennedy and many other parents, there is hope. He has hired private investigators that specialise in retrieving kidnapped children. After months of surveillance, they could be close to making a recovery.
101 East investigates the cost of divided families.
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Source: Al Jazeera