Middle East

Jordan reels over Syrian refugee crisis

Jordan launches urgent appeal for aid after 20,000 Syrian refugees cross into country over past seven days.
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2013 04:01
More than 285,000 Syrians been forced to seek refuge in neighbouring Jordan [Reuters]

Jordan has launched an urgent aid appeal to cope with a refugee crisis after an estimated 20,000 Syrians crossed over into the country over the past week.

Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh said on Thursday that his country had called for urgent support from international donors to help it deal with an "unprecedented" number of Syrian refugees.

"What we have seen in terms of influx of Syrian refugees coming to Jordan is ... unprecedented, larger than any other
time in the last two years... we have had 20,000 Syrians coming into Jordan since last Thursday." Judeh told the Reuters news agency.

A record 6,000 Syrians crossed into Jordan on Tuesday alone and the influx has pushed Jordan's lone Syrian refugee camp well beyond its 60,000-person capacity. 

Jordanian officials say they need urgent funds to build two further camps to host an additional 50,000 refugees. 

Earlier this month, Jordan said it hosted 285,000 Syrian refugees, more than half of those displaced by the conflict since March 2011. 

The UNHCR says that over 26,500 refugees had crossed into Jordan since 1 January 2013 with at least 10,500 new arrivals in the the past 5 days alone.

Despite pledging to maintain an open border policy, Jordan has indicated in recent weeks that it will close the frontier should Syria tip into "chaos." 

Government spokesman Samih Maaytah said Jordan was to keep the borders open despite the dramatic influx. He added that closing the border would be a "last resort." 

Jordan has said the rapidly growing refugee population cost the country some $600 million in 2012 - a figure forecast to reach $800 million in 2013 should the crisis persist. 

Continued clashes

Fierce fighting and aerial bombardments were forcing civilians to flee the country, the Free Syrian Army (FSA) said.

Abu Hani al-Darawi, a coordinator with the FSA, said aerial attacks by Syrian government troops on villages and other urban centres have driven tens of thousands of Syrians south toward the Jordanian border, where some 15,000 have amassed. 

"With missiles falling in every town and every village, nowhere in Syria is safe," al-Darawi said. "For many Syrians, the choice now is either Jordan or death." 

Meanwhile, Syrian warplanes bombed rebel-held areas near Damascus on Thursday as President Bashar Assad's troops battled opposition fighters for control of a strategic road that links the capital with the main airport.

The fighting around Damascus is part of the government offensive to dislodge rebels from towns and villages ringing close to the country's capital.

Syrian troops also bombarded besieged districts of Homs, as clashes raged unabated in the west of the central city for the fifth day a row, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

Six rebels were among seven people killed by regime shelling and overnight firefights in the Jobar district, the Britain-based watchdog said.

The Syrian Revolution General Authority, a network of opposition activists on the ground, said regime troops used heavy artillery and clashed with the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) in an attempt to storm the west side of the city.

"The Syrian regime has escalated its attack on Homs city and its environs in order to disperse the people on sectarian lines and achieve what it believes will be a final victory over Homs," said the Syrian National Council (SNC), a major part of the opposition in exile. 

The uprising against Assad's rule is now almost two years old. At least 60,000 Syrians have been killed and another 650,000 are now refugees abroad, according to the United Nations.


Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
As Western stars re-release 1980s charity hit, many Africans say it's a demeaning relic that can do more harm than good.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Tokyo government claims its homeless population has hit a record low, but analysts - and the homeless - beg to differ.
3D printers can cheaply construct homes and could soon be deployed to help victims of catastrophe rebuild their lives.
Pro-Russia leaders' election in Ukraine's east shows bloody conflict is far from a peaceful resolution.
Critics challenge Canberra's move to refuse visas for West Africans in Ebola-besieged countries.
A key issue for Hispanics is the estimated 11.3 million immigrants in the US without papers who face deportation.
In 1970, only two mosques existed in the country, but now more than 200 offer sanctuary to Japan's Muslims.
Hundreds of the country's reporters eke out a living by finding news - then burying it for a price.