[QODLink]
Middle East

Timeline: Politics in the state of Israel

Coalition governments often fall before their term expires and political alliances can shift quickly.
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2013 10:02
Relations between Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories are a source of debate for politicians [Reuters]

1948: The State of Israel is proclaimed amid civil war in British-administered Palestine. The new state finds itself at war with five Arab countries: Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Egypt.

1949: Israel is admitted into the United Nations and signs armistice agreements with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. 

1967: Israel fights the Six-Day War with Syria, Egypt, and Jordan. 

1973: The Yom Kippur War against Egypt and Syria lasts 19 days, leaving thousands dead and tens of thousands wounded. 

1977: The right-wing Likud Party forms a government after elections, ending 30 years of Labour Party rule. 

1978: Israel-Egypt peace treaty signed. 

1987: Beginning of the first Palestinian intifada, or uprising.

1993: Oslo Accords signed between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organisation. 

1995: Former director general of the ministry of defence, Shimon Peres, becomes prime minister after Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated. 

1999: A centre-left coalition government is formed by Israel's most decorated soldier, Ehud Barak. 

September 2000: Second Palestinian intifada erupts following riots surrounding Ariel Sharon's visit to Jerusalem's Temple Mount, also known as al-Haram al-Sharif, site of the Al-Aqsa mosque - one of the three most sacred sites in Islam.

2001: Former major general Ariel Sharon is elected prime minister.

2005: Israel withdraws settlers and military forces from inside the Gaza Strip.

November 2005: Sharon resigns from the Likud Party and forms Kadima.

December 2005: Former Army captain and ambassador Binyamin Netanyahu is elected Likud leader.

January 2006: Sharon suffers a major stroke, and former journalist Ehud Olmert becomes caretaker prime minister.

Jananuary 2006: Hamas wins Palestinian parliamentary elections, angering Israel and the US.

March 28, 2006: Olmert's Kadima Party wins the most seats in elections.

March 29, 2006: Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas swears in a Hamas-led government.

April 9, 2006: Israel formally severs all direct contact with the Hamas-led Palestinian government, leading international isolation of Hamas, particularly in the Gaza Strip.

July-August 2006: A war between Israel and Hezbollah causes huge damage and the deaths of at least 1,100 people in southern Lebanon and 165 Israelis.

July 2008: Facing a corruption probe and accusations that he mishandled the war, Olmert announces plans to step down.

September 2008: Tzipi Livni is elected to lead Kadima.

December 2008: Operation Cast Lead is launched in Gaza. As many as 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis are killed during 22 days of bombardment.

Feb 2009: Binyamin Netanyahu is elected prime minister.

March 2010: Israeli commandos kill nine Turkish activists aboard an aid flotilla bound for Gaza.

2011: Israeli analysts frequently express concern about the Arab Spring uprisings in the region.

November 2012: Israel attacks the Gaza Strip in Operation Pillar of Defence. Around 150 Palestinians and six Israelis are killed during a week of attacks and counter-attacks.

January 22, 2013: Elections for the 19th Knesset, or parliament, to be held.

467

Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Featured
More than 400 gaming dens operate on native lands, but critics say social ills and inequality stack the deck.
The Palestinian president is expected to address the UN with a new proposal for the creation of a Palestinian state.
Nearly 1,200 aboriginal females have been killed or disappeared over 30 years with little justice served, critics say.
Ethnic violence has wracked China's restive Xinjiang region, leading to a tight government clampdown.
Malay artists revitalise the art of puppeteering by fusing tradition with modern characters such as Darth Vader.