[QODLink]
Europe
Portugal outlines proposed tax increases
Move replaces previous plan that had to be abandoned in the face of widespread opposition and anti-austerity protests.
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2012 19:45
Gaspar, finance minister, has outlined tax rises across the board, including income and property taxes [Reuters]

Portugal has adopted sweeping tax increases to meet budget goals set as conditions for its international rescue.

The move will help the indebted country check falling revenues due to a recession that is set to push unemployment to further record highs.

Portugal also returned to bond markets for the first time earlier on Wednesday since it sought $101bn bailout last year, swapping short for longer-dated debt to buy time to fix its public finances.

The country's worst recession since the 1970s could deepen if the tax increases further undermine consumer confidence.

There is also a danger that raising taxes could lead to more opposition to austerity measures that have already included salary cuts and spending cuts.

"We are confronting a critical moment," Vitor Gaspar, the finance minister, said as he detailed the tax rises introduced by the government after it abandoned a previous tax plan in the face of mass protests.

Follow our comprehensive Euro Crisis spotlight coverage

"It is fundamental that we maintain our current path to overcome our difficulties," the minister said.

Gaspar outlined tax rises across the board for 2013, including income and property taxes, plus a new tax on financial transactions.

The average income tax rate will rise to 11.8 per  cent from 9.8 percent currently and an additional 4 per cent tax surcharge will be levied on incomes in 2013.
 
The government said the measures, which will also include spending cuts, will amount to 3 per cent of gross domestic product next year, and raised its estimate for unemployment to 16.4 per cent from its current record level of 15 per cent.
 
"These are tough measures, probably worse for the public sector than the private, and protests will probably go on, but I don't think there will be any backing off by the government this time," said Antonio Costa Pinto, political scientist at the University of Lisbon.

Investors pleased

Gaspar maintained the government's forecast of a three per cent slump in gross domestic product this year and a decline of one per cent in 2013.  
 
Investors welcomed the country's first venture into the bond market since last year's bailout, easing Portugal's debt repayments next year.

The IGCP debt agency sold $4.86bn of October 2015 bonds, exchanging them for debt maturing in September 2013.

The swap to extend the debt maturity follows similar operations by fellow bailout recipient Ireland.
 
The head of the IGCP debt agency, Joao Moreira Rato, said "this marks a first step for Portugal to regain access to medium- and long-term debt markets".

Under Portugal's bailout, the country was expected only to return to finance itself in bond markets in the second half of 2013.

Buying up the September 2013 bond now, before it matures, will help the country's financing needs next year. The amount it swapped represented 39 percent of the outstanding amount of the September maturity - the first not fully covered by the bailout.

491

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Featured
About 500,000 participated around the globe in the Peoples Climate March, and Al Jazeera spoke to some in New York.
Separatist movements in Spain, Belgium and Italy may face headwinds following Scotland's decision to stay in the UK.
A fishing trawler carrying 500 migrants across the Mediterranean was rammed by another boat, causing hundreds to drown.
Anti-immigration Sweden Democrats party - with roots in the neo-Nazi movement - recently won 12.9 percent of the vote.
Palestinian doctor who lost three daughters in previous Gaza war is fighting to bring 100 wounded kids to Canada.