[QODLink]
Central & South Asia
Pakistan court annuls amnesty deal
The ruling invalidates amnesty shielding the president and other officials from prosecution.
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2009 21:22 GMT


The unfavourable ruling could see Zardari
stripped of the presidency

Pakistan's supreme court has declared that an amnesty deal that had protected President Asif Ali Zardari and other politicians from corruption charges is illegal.

The country's highest court said the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) amnesty was "unconstitutional".

Wednesday's ruling paves the way for challenges to Zardari's already shaky rule.

The decision will raise fresh doubts about Zardari's political future, even though he is protected from prosecution by presidential immunity.

However, the ruling leaves thousands of other officials, including cabinet ministers loyal to Zardari, facing reopened corruption and other criminal cases.

'Null and void'

Imran Khan, Al Jazeera's correspondent in Islamabad, said: "In the last few minutes the amnesty has been declared null and void. That means the National Reconciliation Ordinance is no longer part of Pakistan's constitution, it's effectively illegal and this will force a political crisis within Pakistan.

In depth

  Profile: Asif Ali Zardari
  Profile: Pakistan Taliban
  Witness: Pakistan in crisis
  Riz Khan: The battle for the soul of Pakistan

"This allows corruption cases, that were quashed under the NRO, against Asif Ali Zardari to be open.

"As the President of Pakistan he is immune from prosecution but there will be a tremendous amount of pressure on him from the general public here to resign.

"We are also likely to see a new court case on whether Zardari was allowed to run for political office in the first place.

"In the midst of a massive crisis that Pakistan faces; a war within its own borders, suicide bombings on a deadly basis, we're now seeing a new political crisis."

Amnesty agreement

The deal, which was announced two years ago by then-president Pervez Musharraf, allowed Zardari and Benazir Bhutto, his wife and a former prime minister, to return from self-exile without facing corruption charges.

But the NRO has been branded unconstitutional and the debate over its legitimacy has received a great deal of coverage in Pakistani media.

The amnesty covered more than 8,000 officials and civil rights activists argued that it was unjust to help so many politicians escape prosecution for alleged wrongdoing.

As president, Zardari, who has denied a slew of corruption claims against him, enjoys general immunity from prosecution.

But the supreme court could choose to challenge his eligibility for the post now that it has decided that the amnesty is illegal.

The debate comes as Pakistan's army battles Taliban fighters in its tribal regions.

The potential for a crisis to erupt from the supreme court ruling is a cause for concern in the US, whose administration wants Pakistan to remain focused on its campaign against the Taliban.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lacking cohesive local ground forces to attack in tandem, coalition air strikes will have limited effect, experts say.
Hindu right-wing groups run campaign against what they say is Muslim conspiracy to convert Hindu girls into Islam.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
Muslim caretakers maintain three synagogues in eastern Indian city, which was once home to a thriving Jewish community.
Amid fresh ISIL gains, officials in Anbar province have urged the Iraqi government to request foreign ground troops.