Thai opposition protesters have stepped up their rallies, gathering in thousands in seven major intersections in the capital, in their attempt to "shutdown" of Bangkok to ultimately unseat Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.
The demonstrators want the embattled prime minister to step down to make way for an appointed government that would oversee electoral reforms to curb the political dominance of her billionaire family and tackle a wider culture of money politics.
|Thai anti-government protesters set to paralyse Bangkok
Thousands of flag-waving protesters, some wearing T-shirts with the slogan "Bangkok Shutdown", massed at strategic points in the city on Monday, including outside a major shopping mall that was set on fire during deadly political unrest in 2010.
"We will fight regardless of whether we win or lose. We will not compromise or accept negotiation," protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban told crowds at a rally late on Sunday.
The firebrand opposition politician - who faces a murder charge in connection with a deadly military crackdown on political protests when he was deputy prime minister in 2010 - was set to lead a march through the city centre later on Monday.
But it was still unclear how much support he would enjoy among city residents, some of whom voiced fears that the action would hurt their livelihoods.
"Of course it affects me - I'm very stressed," said hair salon owner Tong, 69. "No customers are coming now as my regular customers cannot drive here."
Also on Monday, Shinawatra invited leaders of anti-government protesters and political parties to discuss an Election Commission proposal to push back the date of the snap election she called from February 2, a senior aide said.
Ministers have until now said a delay would be impossible under the constitution, but the Election Commission has said it could be pushed back and one member has suggested May 4.
Authorities say they are ready to declare a state of emergency if there is fresh unrest, and roughly 20,000 police and soldiers will be deployed for security.
But they have not tried to stop the demonstrators taking over parts of the city in the run-up to the February 2 elections, which they have set out to disrupt.
My generation is fed up with corruption in the country. We don’t care who will lead it in the future. Just as long as they are not corrupt.
The protesters have vowed to stop officials going to work and cut off power to key state offices as part of the shutdown efforts, which authorities have warned could lead to further bloodshed.
"My generation is fed up with corruption in the country," Marisa Buerkle, an anti-government protester, told Al Jazeera. "We don’t care who will lead it in the future. Just as long as they are not corrupt."
Eight people, including a policeman, have been killed and dozens injured in street violence since the protests began over two months ago.
The civil strife is the worst since 2010, when more than 90 people were killed in street clashes between pro-Thaksin protesters and the military.
"It's going to be very volatile," said Pavin Chachavalpongpun, a former Thai diplomat and associate professor at the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies at Japan's Kyoto University.
He said there was a risk of "political violence", with protesters under pressure to achieve their objective of removing the government before the election, which would probably return Yingluck and her party to power.
"In a way there is no turning back for the protesters, they have come too far," he added.
The current political crisis is the latest chapter in a saga of political instability and periodic unrest that has gripped Thailand since Yingluck's older brother, former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, was ousted by royalist generals seven years ago.
The billionaire tycoon-turned-politician, who lives abroad to avoid a jail term for corruption, has large electoral support particularly in northern Thailand, where he is adored for a swathe of popular policies.
But he is reviled among the country's elites and by many in the Bangkok middle class and Thai south, who see him as authoritarian and accuse him of buying votes.
The protesters want an appointed "people's council" to run the country and oversee vaguely defined electoral reforms, such as an end to alleged vote buying, before new elections are held in about a year to 18 months.
The impasse has revived fears of a judicial or military ousting of the government, in a country which has seen 18 actual or attempted coups since 1932.