Mary Peters, the US transportation secretary, said a review of the nation's state-based bridge inspection programme has been ordered to "make sure that it's as robust as it needs to be."
She said the department ordered immediate inspections of 750 bridges similar to the one that collapsed in Minneapolis.
Federal officials have said the collapsed bridge was rated "structurally deficient" twice, in 1990 and 2005, and that warnings were ignored by the state, which relied on patchwork fixes instead.
The accident has led to orders by the government to inspect more than 70,000 bridges across the country previously found with a variety of structural defects.
The US congress is working on a $250m federal aid package for the disaster, which occurred during rush hour and injured at least 79 people.
The 1990 inspection cited significant corrosion in the bearings of the collapsed span, a finding which required portions to be repaired or replaced, and inspections every two years.
Subsequently, fatigue cracks and corrosion in the steel around the bridge's joint were repaired but a federal inspection in 2005 still rated the bridge structurally deficient.
The number of dead still stood at five on Saturday but divers have been continuing to search for the bodies eight or more people still believed to be missing.
|States have been asked to inspect more than |
70,000 bridges across the US [GALLO/GETTY]
Authorities credited the low death toll to the speed of rush-hour traffic, which gave vehicles little momentum to slide into the river, and a bridge design that minimised falling debris with keeping the death toll relatively low.
At a site set up by the Red Cross to offer counselling, about 30 friends and family had been seeking news on five missing motorists, and counsellors said they were growing more distressed.