Ibrahim Al-Marashi

Ibrahim al-Marashi is an associate professor at the Department of History, California State University, San Marcos. He is the co-author of the forthcoming The Modern History of Iraq, 4th edition.

Battle for Mosul

The battle for Mosul is almost over. What next?

Can ISIL make a comeback in Mosul?

Syria's Civil War

Trump's strike on Syria: A convenient distraction

It's not the first time a US president launches missile strikes that do not amount to much but boost ratings.


The future of militias in post-ISIL Iraq

Iraq’s future stability will depend on how it manages its various militias.

Saddam Hussein

Saddam's death gave birth to Saddams in other guises

A decade after the Iraqi president's execution, a system that results in the daily deaths of Iraqis continues unabated.


The orange-haired president and the caliph's grey zone

As ISIL goes on the defensive, Trump's victory and declaration of a Muslim registry will perpetuate its narrative.

War & Conflict

Syria, the Spanish Civil war and foreign legions

Like in the Spanish Civil War, the "foreign legions" are complicating the resolution of the conflict in Syria.

War & Conflict

The day after the battle for Mosul

As battle for Mosul begins, Iraq and the US must develop a humanitarian and political strategy before the fighting ends.

War & Conflict

Donald Trump and the mythology of ISIL's rise

Trump offered no new ISIL strategy, but recycled old myths that continue to persist.


What the Spanish civil war can reveal about Syria

The Spanish civil war spanned three years - why has the Syrian conflict endured so much longer?


Making sense of the 2016 summer of terror

Both anarchist violence of the past century and ISIL today have sought to bring radical change to the global order.

War & Conflict

Iraq: The battle for Fallujah shows the US needs Iran

Iran, the US and Iraqi militias are locked in a menage-a-trois that now defines the region's geopolitics.


The women behind Sykes-Picot

Jane Digby, Gertrude Bell and Freya Stark had lives as illustrious as their male counterparts in the Middle East.