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In Pictures: Somalis exiled from Nairobi
Al Jazeera follows the forced removal of Somali nationals from the Kenyan capital to the country's arid north.
Last updated: 09 Jun 2014 07:34
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Kenya - Following Kenya's worst terrorism incident in decades and a string of smaller-scale attacks in Nairobi and Mombasa, police launched a security crackdown in early April, known as "Operation Usalama Watch".

Kenyan authorities rounded up thousands of ethnic Somalis, mostly from the capital's Eastleigh neighbourhood, which has been dubbed "Little Mogadishu". Rights groups condemned the arbitrary arrests, detentions, extortion and other abuses during the security operations. "Somalis are scapegoats in Kenya's counter-terrorism crackdown," an Amnesty report claimed. 

Kenya's interior cabinet secretary ordered every refugee to return to the over-crowded and under-serviced refugee camps - primarily Kakuma and Dadaab, two large refugee camps in Kenya's arid north. Those who refused to do so were flown to the war-torn Somali capital, Mogadishu. Those who stayed in Nairobi faced extortion, violence and arbitrary arrests at the hands of the Kenyan police. 

Hundreds of people voluntarily travelled from the Kenyan capital to Kakuma refugee camp by bus, their tickets paid for by the UN refugee agency. The journey takes two days. Leaving the capital, the bus travels through the lush green farmlands of the Rift Valley into the harsh, dry environment of Turkana.


/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

The "Dayah Express" bus leaves Nairobi several times a week before dawn, and takes two days to reach Kakuma.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Eastleigh, Nairobi's run-down Somali quarter, is an important economic neighbourhood for many foreign nationals.

 


/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

A Somali businessman sits on the bus as it waits to depart Eastleigh.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

The crackdown has reached Kenya's Nakuru County. Above, a Somali refugee and her family board the bus.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

In the western town of Kitale, the bus waits for two hours during a massive rain-storm.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

During the storm, passengers take refuge in a small cafe.

 


/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

The bus stops overnight in Ortum, a small truckers' town along the northern route. Those with enough money can afford a small guest-house; those without must sleep on the bus.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Rahma, a mother of two, looks out at the changing landscape as the bus moves into the arid, northern lands.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

The bus finally reaches Kakuma after a gruelling 35-hour journey, the final day over unpaved roads.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Sheltering himself from the blistering sun, Ibrahim tries to contact relatives in the camp.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Kakuma's harsh environment lies in stark contrast to that of urban Nairobi. Small, uniform houses dot the horizon for several kilometres.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Since the refugees cannot legally work in Kenya, they must rely on humanitarian aid to survive. 



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Ibrahim reaches the tin-walled house of his uncle, where he plans to stay after weeks of harassment in Nairobi.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

In a nearby compound, Somali women discuss the treatment of refugees in Kenya.



/Phil Moore/Al Jazeera

Arid Turkana as seen from the sky.




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images:
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captions:

The "Dayah Express" bus leaves Nairobi several times a week before dawn, and takes two days to reach Kakuma.

;*;

Eastleigh, Nairobi(***)s run-down Somali quarter, is an important economic neighbourhood for many foreign nationals.

 
;*;

A Somali businessman sits on the bus as it waits to depart Eastleigh.

;*;

The crackdown has reached Kenya(***)s Nakuru County. Above, a Somali refugee and her family board the bus.

;*;

In the western town of Kitale, the bus waits for two hours during a massive rain-storm.

;*;

During the storm, passengers take refuge in a small cafe.

 
;*;

The bus stops overnight in Ortum, a small truckers(***) town along the northern route. Those with enough money can afford a small guest-house; those without must sleep on the bus.

;*;

Rahma, a mother of two, looks out at the changing landscape as the bus moves into the arid, northern lands.

;*;

The bus finally reaches Kakuma after a gruelling 35-hour journey, the final day over unpaved roads.

;*;

Sheltering himself from the blistering sun, Ibrahim tries to contact relatives in the camp.

;*;

Kakuma(***)s harsh environment lies in stark contrast to that of urban Nairobi. Small, uniform houses dot the horizon for several kilometres.

;*;

Since the refugees cannot legally work in Kenya, they must rely on humanitarian aid to survive. 

;*;

Ibrahim reaches the tin-walled house of his uncle, where he plans to stay after weeks of harassment in Nairobi.

;*;

In a nearby compound, Somali women discuss the treatment of refugees in Kenya.

;*;

Arid Turkana as seen from the sky.

Daylife ID:
8c9b2a2bdd142d1073bdbaf0bd9e1123
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera;*;Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
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