Violent attacks by armed groups in the federally administered tribal areas (FATA) of Pakistan has not only resulted in the loss of lives but also hit the education system hard in the region bordering Afghanistan.
More than 450 schools in the northwest area of the country have been destroyed in attacks, forcing students to stop attending schools or learn outside amid the ruins.
The destruction of the schools appears to have negatively impacted the female literacy rate. A large number of girls and women have been forced to seek education in other districts such as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, as the law and order situation worsens.
The Pakistani government and its education division have made promises to improve the system and infrastructure, but the conditions of the buildings shown in the images tell a different story.