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In Pictures: Gaza water crisis worsens
With 90 percent of the water unfit for human consumption, Palestinians struggle to meet their daily needs in Gaza.
Last updated: 12 May 2014 10:33
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The 1.7 million Palestinian residents of the Gaza Strip are facing a growing water shortage.

Currently, 90 percent of Gaza’s main water supply is unfit for drinking, and unsuitable even for agricultural use. The besieged territory’s main water supply, the coastal aquifer, is over-pumped, and a crippling Egyptian-Israeli blockade on Gaza has exacerbated the problem.

While water treatment plants exist in Gaza, they are under-developed, and frequent fuel shortages force them to regularly halt operations. As a result, local authorities are now pumping 90 million cubic litres of partially-treated sewage into the Mediterranean sea off the Gaza coast on daily basis.

The untreated sewage has infiltrated Gaza's groundwater, contaminating the water supply, which now contains high chloride and nitrate levels. The Palestinian Ministry of Health has urged Palestinians in Gaza to boil water before they drink it or use it for cooking. An estimated 26 percent of diseases in Gaza are water related.

The water salinity has affected the types of food grown in Gaza, eliminating most citrus fruit, which are sensitive to saline, in favour of more salt-tolerant vegetables and flowers, like cabbage, spinach, green beans, cucumber and tomatoes. 

The quantity of water accessible to Palestinians in Gaza is less than one-third the consumption levels of an Israeli citizen, and far below minimum standards recommended by the World Health Organization. A recent United Nations report showed that if the current situation persists, the coastal aquifer could become unusable as early as 2016, and the damage could become irreversible by 2020.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

The Palestinian Water Authority recently found that 95 percent of drinking water in the Gaza Strip does not meet World Health Organization (WHO) standards.



/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinians in Gaza have access to approximately 27 litres of water per person per day, far less than the 100 litres recommended by WHO.



/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Palestinians purchase more than a quarter of their water supply from Israeli water company, Mekorot. The company sells Gaza 4.2 million cubic metres of water annually.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

More than 30 percent of households in Gaza only have access to running water for six to eight hours, once every four days.



/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
An estimated 90 million cubic metres of sewage are dumped into the sea each day off the Gaza coast, causing health problems and harming the fishing industry.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Several signs along the coastline in Gaza City warn residents against swimming in the sewage-polluted waters.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Water in Gaza contains high nitrate and chloride levels, and causes numerous health problems, including skin irritation.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Palestinian officials estimate that there are more than 40 private water purification plants in Gaza, treating 22,000 tonnes of sewage water daily.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Only 25 percent of sewage water is treated for reuse in Gaza. Since the start of 2014, water desalination plants have reduced operation by approximately 40 percent.


/Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinians can't use 85 percent of agricultural wells operated with electricity in Gaza. As a result, 140,000 dunams (140 million sqr m) of farmland is at risk of drought.




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images:
/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445217219_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445373422_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445498527_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445639332_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445826985_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674445967931_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674446123986_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674446280238_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674446420154_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2014/3/26/201432674446545299_8.jpg
captions:

The Palestinian Water Authority recently found that 95 percent of drinking water in the Gaza Strip does not meet World Health Organization (WHO) standards.

;*;

Palestinians in Gaza have access to approximately 27 litres of water per person per day, far less than the 100 litres recommended by WHO.

;*;Palestinians purchase more than a quarter of their water supply from Israeli water company, Mekorot. The company sells Gaza 4.2 million cubic metres of water annually.;*;

More than 30 percent of households in Gaza only have access to running water for six to eight hours, once every four days.

;*;An estimated 90 million cubic metres of sewage are dumped into the sea each day off the Gaza coast, causing health problems and harming the fishing industry.;*;Several signs along the coastline in Gaza City warn residents against swimming in the sewage-polluted waters.;*;Water in Gaza contains high nitrate and chloride levels, and causes numerous health problems, including skin irritation.;*;Palestinian officials estimate that there are more than 40 private water purification plants in Gaza, treating 22,000 tonnes of sewage water daily.;*;Only 25 percent of sewage water is treated for reuse in Gaza. Since the start of 2014, water desalination plants have reduced operation by approximately 40 percent.;*;

Palestinians can(***)t use 85 percent of agricultural wells operated with electricity in Gaza. As a result, 140,000 dunams (140 million sqr m) of farmland is at risk of drought.

Daylife ID:
82b54ff5dcfac13b86da4f22c388eabe
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera;*;Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Palestinian water woes in Gazahttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gazaen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:53:23 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/a54965a65c0ef3f95b58d4f242f5f112

The Palestinian Water Authority recently found that 95 percent of drinking water in the Gaza Strip does not meet World Health Organisation (WHO) standards.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/a54965a65c0ef3f95b58d4f242f5f112Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

The Palestinian Water Authority recently found that 95 percent of drinking water in the Gaza Strip does not meet World Health Organisation (WHO) standards.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/cfcc4ca9cc7c48add46ed5fafeb8f9c4

Palestinians in Gaza have access to approximately 27 litres of water per person per day, far less than the 100 litres recommended by the WHO.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/cfcc4ca9cc7c48add46ed5fafeb8f9c4Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinians in Gaza have access to approximately 27 litres of water per person per day, far less than the 100 litres recommended by the WHO.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/dfe3a47cb6c955667885c4731f29ff45

Palestinians purchase more than a quarter of their water supply from Israeli water company, Mekorot. The company sells Gaza 4.2 million cubic metres of water annually.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/dfe3a47cb6c955667885c4731f29ff45Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinians purchase more than a quarter of their water supply from Israeli water company, Mekorot. The company sells Gaza 4.2 million cubic metres of water annually.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/65bda8c4a8002de5ffbf87b79c7308dc

More than 30 percent of households in Gaza only have access to running water for between six and eight hours, once every four days.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/65bda8c4a8002de5ffbf87b79c7308dcWissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

More than 30 percent of households in Gaza only have access to running water for between six and eight hours, once every four days.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/b698daac063518ffa1964d81155c730d

An estimated 90 million cubic metres of sewage are dumped into the sea each day off the Gaza coast, causing health problems and harming the fishing industry.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/b698daac063518ffa1964d81155c730dWissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

An estimated 90 million cubic metres of sewage are dumped into the sea each day off the Gaza coast, causing health problems and harming the fishing industry.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/43d090d98a0d9cfef409419069353318

Several signs along the coastline in Gaza City warn residents against swimming in the sewage-polluted waters.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/43d090d98a0d9cfef409419069353318Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Several signs along the coastline in Gaza City warn residents against swimming in the sewage-polluted waters.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/047e450346f7060cb37991c2e34d2fbe

Water in Gaza contains high nitrate and chloride levels, and causes numerous health problems, including skin irritation.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/047e450346f7060cb37991c2e34d2fbeWissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Water in Gaza contains high nitrate and chloride levels, and causes numerous health problems, including skin irritation.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/8590499c6c10226fbe798dde1a8857de

Palestinian officials estimate that there are more than 40 private water purification plants in Gaza, treating 22,000 tonnes of sewage water daily.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/8590499c6c10226fbe798dde1a8857deWissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinian officials estimate that there are more than 40 private water purification plants in Gaza, treating 22,000 tonnes of sewage water daily.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/c4ecf1f53b1cebbb1238d8d61a8f4be2

Only 25 percent of sewage water is treated for reuse in Gaza. Since the start of 2014, water desalination plants have reduced operation by approximately 40 percent.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/c4ecf1f53b1cebbb1238d8d61a8f4be2Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Only 25 percent of sewage water is treated for reuse in Gaza. Since the start of 2014, water desalination plants have reduced operation by approximately 40 percent.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/89d882181d434dad992c5dac470b61a0

Palestinians can't use 85 percent of agricultural wells operated with electricity in Gaza. As a result, 140,000 dunams of farmland is at risk of drought.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Palestinian_water_woes_in_Gaza/slideshow/no-caption/89d882181d434dad992c5dac470b61a0Wissam Nassar/Al Jazeera

Palestinians can't use 85 percent of agricultural wells operated with electricity in Gaza. As a result, 140,000 dunams of farmland is at risk of drought.



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