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In pictures: Mali's Azawad rebels
The Tuareg and Arab rebels, fighting for an independent state, are currently in negotiations with Mali's government.
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2013 11:16
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Since Mali's independence from France in 1960, rebel groups in the country's arid north - mostly comprised of ethnic Tuaregs - have sought a state of their own. After a coup toppled Mali's government in 2012, the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) gained control of much of the north and proclaimed an independent state. However, Azawad has not been recognised by any foreign countries.

Although the rebel movement's leaders have been holding talks with the Malian government in neighbouring Burkina Faso, they are no longer discussing forming an independent state - at least, not publicly. But the militiamen on the ground still hope for a country of their own.


/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

In early 2012 the Azawad rebels, both Tuareg and Arab, were able for the first time since the creation of modern Mali in 1960 to completely expel the Malian army from the north. They declared an independent state of Azawad, but with no support or recognition from any outside power.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

Groups linked to al-Qaeda have pushed the nationalist rebels aside and have taken control of the main cities in Mali's north.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

The al-Qaeda presence hastened foreign intervention, and less than a year after the coup in Mali, France led a military campaign to help the Malian army retake the north.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

The Azawad rebels have often been accused of being criminals and drug traffickers.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

"We've taken up arms only to reverse a historical wrong that's been inflicted upon us by colonialism," cried Mouloud, an Azawad Arab rebel commander addressing a crowd of militiamen at a camp.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

The Azawad rebel movement's top commanders and political leaders, currently in talks with the Malian government in Burkina Faso, are no longer talking - publicly at least - about independence for Azawad.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

But the militiamen on the ground still cling to the dream of a completely independent state for the Tuareg and Arabs in Mali's north.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

"These are our people after 63 years of annexation" to Mali, says Al Amani, a middle-aged field commander.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

"We have no schools, no medical centres, mostly no homes. We knew Mali only through onerous taxation on our livestock over the years," Al Amani continues.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

"Mali has started an ethnic cleansing operation in the north. Already two-thirds of our people are refugees in neighbouring countries," says Al Amani.



/Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

"Our cause is forgotten," Al Amani says. "We are abandoned by every single nation in the world. We are discarded as bandits or terrorists. But in fact we are simply a wronged people. Just because world powers have no political or economic stakes here, they don't care about the wrongs being inflicted on us."




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images:
/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482720907150_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/20131148272194150_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482721329821_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482721735267_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482721969440_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482722219722_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482722532629_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/3/2013113122148286422_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482723235127_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482723454972_8.jpg;*;/mritems/images/2013/11/4/201311482723719563_8.jpg
captions:

In early 2012 the Azawad rebels, both Tuareg and Arab, were able for the first time since the creation of modern Mali in 1960 to completely expel the Malian army from the north. They declared an independent state of Azawad, but with no support or recognition from any outside power.

;*;

Groups linked to al-Qaeda have pushed the nationalist rebels aside and have taken control of the main cities in Mali(***)s north.

;*;

The al-Qaeda presence hastened foreign intervention, and less than a year after the coup in Mali, France led a military campaign to help the Malian army retake the north.

;*;

The Azawad rebels have often been accused of being criminals and drug traffickers.

;*;

"We(***)ve taken up arms only to reverse a historical wrong that(***)s been inflicted upon us by colonialism," cried Mouloud, an Azawad Arab rebel commander addressing a crowd of militiamen at a camp.

;*;

The Azawad rebel movement(***)s top commanders and political leaders, currently in talks with the Malian government in Burkina Faso, are no longer talking - publicly at least - about independence for Azawad.

;*;

But the militiamen on the ground still cling to the dream of a completely independent state for the Tuareg and Arabs in Mali(***)s north.

;*;

"These are our people after 63 years of annexation" to Mali, says Al Amani, a middle-aged field commander.

;*;

"We have no schools, no medical centres, mostly no homes. We knew Mali only through onerous taxation on our livestock over the years," Al Amani continues.

;*;

"Mali has started an ethnic cleansing operation in the north. Already two-thirds of our people are refugees in neighbouring countries," says Al Amani.

;*;

"Our cause is forgotten," Al Amani says. "We are abandoned by every single nation in the world. We are discarded as bandits or terrorists. But in fact we are simply a wronged people. Just because world powers have no political or economic stakes here, they don(***)t care about the wrongs being inflicted on us."

Daylife ID:
3d19e4ebe348135709682a1c1cf6dad6
Photographer:
;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;;*;
Image Source:
Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera;*;Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Tuareg rebelshttp://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebelsen-ussupport@newscred.comUntitled Site10Mon, 04 Nov 2013 08:21:10 GMT http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/3b5785210254da6fa64c701e4409201c

Early 2012 the Azawad rebels, both Tuareg and Arab, were able for the first time since the creation of modern Mali in 1960 to completely expel the Malian army from the north. They declared an independent state of Azawad, with no support or recognition from any outside power.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/3b5785210254da6fa64c701e4409201cMohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

Early 2012 the Azawad rebels, both Tuareg and Arab, were able for the first time since the creation of modern Mali in 1960 to completely expel the Malian army from the north. They declared an independent state of Azawad, with no support or recognition from any outside power.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/c0b9e4f2bbbcbf84d1293864a285baea

But soon al Qaeda linked groups pushed the nationalist rebels aside and took control of the main cities.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/c0b9e4f2bbbcbf84d1293864a285baeaMohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

But soon al Qaeda linked groups pushed the nationalist rebels aside and took control of the main cities.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/e28e69b06e58a57f43f4bb56a4c451ee

The al Qaeda presence hastened foreign intervention and less than a year later France led a military campaign to help the Malian army retake the north.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/e28e69b06e58a57f43f4bb56a4c451eeMohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

The al Qaeda presence hastened foreign intervention and less than a year later France led a military campaign to help the Malian army retake the north.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/0dbe582531e08ab54933813c325eaa73

In the process the cause of the Azawad rebels took a harsh blow. Sometimes they were lumped with al Qaeda and its affiliated, which extremely hurt their legitimacy.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/0dbe582531e08ab54933813c325eaa73Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

In the process the cause of the Azawad rebels took a harsh blow. Sometimes they were lumped with al Qaeda and its affiliated, which extremely hurt their legitimacy.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2c593fb59268e5c64512bf0d956e4cf8

Often they were accused of being no more than a bunch of criminals and drug traffickers.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2c593fb59268e5c64512bf0d956e4cf8Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

Often they were accused of being no more than a bunch of criminals and drug traffickers.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/eb27480eaf65ef240e1e2c1578e62f34

'We've taken up arms only to reverse a historical wrong that's been inflicted upon us by colonialism,' cried Mouloud, an Azawad Arab rebel commander addressing a crowd of militiamen upon our arrival to their camp.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/eb27480eaf65ef240e1e2c1578e62f34Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

'We've taken up arms only to reverse a historical wrong that's been inflicted upon us by colonialism,' cried Mouloud, an Azawad Arab rebel commander addressing a crowd of militiamen upon our arrival to their camp.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/20228bfc92501d75bff56d87cdf434b1

Their top commanders and political leaders negotiating with Mali in Burkina Faso are no longer talking, publically at least, about independence for Azawad.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/20228bfc92501d75bff56d87cdf434b1Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

Their top commanders and political leaders negotiating with Mali in Burkina Faso are no longer talking, publically at least, about independence for Azawad.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2ead0b022e05d7246c4506819367bf0b

But the militia men on the ground, those who do the real job of armed rebellion still cling to the dream of a completely independent state for the Tuareg and Arabs of the north.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2ead0b022e05d7246c4506819367bf0bMohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

But the militia men on the ground, those who do the real job of armed rebellion still cling to the dream of a completely independent state for the Tuareg and Arabs of the north.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2324039fbfcdec74e28f15ef58483701

'These are our people after 63 years of annexation to Bamako, see how they still live' says Al Amrani, a middle aged field commander.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/2324039fbfcdec74e28f15ef58483701Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

'These are our people after 63 years of annexation to Bamako, see how they still live' says Al Amrani, a middle aged field commander.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/4910b8e0621209d9fb983e765d429b98

'We have no schools, no medical centres, mostly no homes. We knew Mali only through onerous taxation on our livestock over the years' AlAmani continues.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/4910b8e0621209d9fb983e765d429b98Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

'We have no schools, no medical centres, mostly no homes. We knew Mali only through onerous taxation on our livestock over the years' AlAmani continues.

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/173bfdf66a1eb188b4e3e7e1bd10b58b

'Mali has started an ethnic cleansing operation in the north. Already two thirds of our people are refugees in neighbouring countries'

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/173bfdf66a1eb188b4e3e7e1bd10b58bMohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

'Mali has started an ethnic cleansing operation in the north. Already two thirds of our people are refugees in neighbouring countries'

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/e34ae8d0258959b41e0a885672d0a9f0

'Our cause is forgotten,' AlAmani resumes in a quieter tone. 'We are abandoned by every single nation in the world. We are discarded as bandits or terrorists. But in fact we are simply a wronged people. Just because world powers have no political or economic stakes here, they don't care about the wrongs being inflicted on us.'

http://aljazeera.galleries.newscred.com/gallery/Tuareg_rebels/slideshow/no-caption/e34ae8d0258959b41e0a885672d0a9f0Mohamed Vall/ Al Jazeera

'Our cause is forgotten,' AlAmani resumes in a quieter tone. 'We are abandoned by every single nation in the world. We are discarded as bandits or terrorists. But in fact we are simply a wronged people. Just because world powers have no political or economic stakes here, they don't care about the wrongs being inflicted on us.'



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