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In pictures: Defending Goma
The UN and Congolese army have deployed troops as M23 rebels advance towards the major city of Goma.
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2012 08:26

Over the past two weeks, the threat of an attack on Goma - the provincial capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo's restive North Kivu province - by M23 rebels has loomed. The United Nations and the Congolese government army (FARDC) have deployed tanks and other heavy weaponry around the city in a coordinated effort to repel any possible attack.

A relative calm existed in the area as negotiations took place, with M23 and the FARDC consolidating positions. But on Tuesday, July 24, battles erupted again, reaching the town of Kibumba, just 25km from Goma and the stage of major UN and FARDC deployments.

Fighting continues, causing thousands to flee their homes once again. Since the conflict erupted in May, refugees have fled over the border to Rwanda and Uganda, with many thousands more displaced within eastern Congo. The latest wave of fighting has brought some 8,000 people towards Goma as their villages become the scene of shelling and heavy weapons fire.

M23 rebels, who draw many of their ranks from the Tutsi ethnic group, are allegedly backed by the Rwandan government, which is accused of fomenting unrest in the mineral-rich North Kivu province. The Rwandan government denies supporting the rebels. 

Current unrest in the DR Congo has roots in the ethnic and political wounds dating back to Rwanda's 1994 genocide. Presently, M23  rebels deny a desire to march on Goma, but as fighting rages ever closer to the city, tensions are rising.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The United Nations and Congolese army have deployed heavy defences on the outskirts of Goma.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The UN has also deployed many peacekeepers within the city itself, largely to reassure the population.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Coordination meetings between the UN brigade commander (left) and the FARDC military chief for North Kivu (right) strengthened the cooperation.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Around the town of Kibumba, just 25km from Goma, defensive positions by soldiers and tanks straddle the main road to the provincial capital.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Meanwhile, M23 rebels maintain their stronghold in the town of Bunagana on the Ugandan border.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The rebels are relatively few in number, and claim to be lightly armed, but have proved a formidable opposition to the army.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Their numbers are swelling with defections from the army, while Kinshasa has put out arrest warrants for the rebel commanders.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Jean-Marie Runinga (waving), the political coordinator for M23, says they have no desire to take Goma, and denies Rwandan support.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
But residents of the city are now used to seeing heavily armed peacekeepers patrolling their streets in the event of an advance.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The UN and FARDC have deployed attack helicopters against rebel positions, and have flown regular reconnaissance sorties over rebel-held territory.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Despite the rebels holding ground less than 50km from the city, daily life continues for Goma citizens, although with an increasingly uneasy air.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
With heavy fighting erupting in the towns north of Goma, heavy deployments of FARDC troops have been called to action.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
The full might of the UN and Congolese army is being used against the rebels.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Yet the rebels seem to be holding their consolidated positions and gaining ground towards Goma.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
When M23 took the border town of Bunagana, thousands of Congolese fled across the border to the Nyakabande Transit Centre in Kisoro, Uganda.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
And recent clashes around Kibumba have caused more than 8,000 people to flee south towards Goma, sheltering in schools in Kibati on the city's outskirts.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
Heavy fighting is taking place around Rugari and Rumangabo. Above, an FARDC tank retreats through Rugari following an M23 ambush.


Phil Moore/Al Jazeera
A nervous air surrounds the attacks, with the question of an attack on Goma looming ever closer.



images:
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captions:
The United Nations and Congolese army have deployed heavy defences on the outskirts of Goma.;*;The UN has also deployed many peacekeepers within the city itself, largely to reassure the population.;*;Coordination meetings between the UN brigade commander (left) and the FARDC military chief for North Kivu (right) strengthened the cooperation.;*;Around the town of Kibumba, just 25km from Goma, defensive positions by soldiers and tanks straddle the main road to the provincial capital.;*;Meanwhile, M23 rebels maintain their stronghold in the town of Bunagana on the Ugandan border.;*;The rebels are relatively few in number, and claim to be lightly armed, but have proved a formidable opposition to the army.;*;Their numbers are swelling with defections from the army, while Kinshasa has put out arrest warrants for the rebel commanders.;*;Jean-Marie Runinga (waving), the political coordinator for M23, says they have no desire to take Goma, and denies Rwandan support.;*;But residents of the city are now used to seeing heavily armed peacekeepers patrolling their streets in the event of an advance.;*;The UN and FARDC have deployed attack helicopters against rebel positions, and have flown regular reconnaissance sorties over rebel-held territory.;*;Despite the rebels holding ground less than 50km from the city, daily life continues for Goma citizens, although with an increasingly uneasy air.;*;With heavy fighting erupting in the towns north of Goma, heavy deployments of FARDC troops have been called to action.;*;The full might of the UN and Congolese army is being used against the rebels.;*;Yet the rebels seem to be holding their consolidated positions and gaining ground towards Goma.;*;When M23 took the border town of Bunagana, thousands of Congolese fled across the border to the Nyakabande Transit Centre in Kisoro, Uganda.;*;And recent clashes around Kibumba have caused more than 8,000 people to flee south towards Goma, sheltering in schools in Kibati on the city(***)s outskirts.;*;Heavy fighting is taking place around Rugari and Rumangabo. Above, an FARDC tank retreats through Rugari following an M23 ambush.;*;A nervous air surrounds the attacks, with the question of an attack on Goma looming ever closer. Daylife ID:
1344236484872
Photographer:
Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore;*;Phil Moore
Image Source:
Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera;*;Al Jazeera
Gallery Source:
Daylife
Daylife Raw Data:
Defending Gomahttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872en-usAl Jazeerafeedback@daylife.com10Mon, 06 Aug 2012 07:01:32 GMTMon, 06 Aug 2012 07:54:00 GMT http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=001RgcAe79gUBThe United Nations and Congolese army have deployed heavy defences on the outskirts of Goma.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=001RgcAe79gUBPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe United Nations and Congolese army have deployed heavy defences on the outskirts of Goma. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=05aofSt3ogf3mThe UN has also deployed many peacekeepers within the city itself, largely to reassure the population.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=05aofSt3ogf3mPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe UN has also deployed many peacekeepers within the city itself, largely to reassure the population. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=097Jc2BeQ37tdCoordination meetings between the UN brigade commander (left) and the FARDC military chief for North Kivu (right) strengthened the cooperation.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=097Jc2BeQ37tdPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesCoordination meetings between the UN brigade commander (left) and the FARDC military chief for North Kivu (right) strengthened the cooperation. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fq40fQbVDczqAround the town of Kibumba, just 25km from Goma, defensive positions by soldiers and tanks straddle the main road to the provincial capital.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fq40fQbVDczqPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesAround the town of Kibumba, just 25km from Goma, defensive positions by soldiers and tanks straddle the main road to the provincial capital. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=051Y1Bp0FucIi

Meanwhile, M23 rebels maintain their stronghold in the town of Bunagana on the Ugandan border.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=051Y1Bp0FucIiPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Meanwhile, M23 rebels maintain their stronghold in the town of Bunagana on the Ugandan border.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fvU6Tr4f07LcThe rebels are relatively few in number, and claim to be lightly armed, but have proved a formidable opposition to the army.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fvU6Tr4f07LcPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe rebels are relatively few in number, and claim to be lightly armed, but have proved a formidable opposition to the army. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bdn3Ku81Z3FY

Their numbers are swelling with defections from the army, while Kinshasa has put out arrest warrants for the rebel commanders.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bdn3Ku81Z3FYPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Their numbers are swelling with defections from the army, while Kinshasa has put out arrest warrants for the rebel commanders.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=07ccdmAfSpfekJean-Marie Runinga (waving), the political coordinator for M23, says they have no desire to take Goma, and denies Rwandan support.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=07ccdmAfSpfekPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesJean-Marie Runinga (waving), the political coordinator for M23, says they have no desire to take Goma, and denies Rwandan support. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=027caWKdmi95gBut residents of the city are now used to seeing heavily armed peacekeepers patrolling their streets in the event of an advance.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=027caWKdmi95gPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesBut residents of the city are now used to seeing heavily armed peacekeepers patrolling their streets in the event of an advance. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=07tT3RR1KD1fR

The UN and FARDC have deployed attack helicopters against rebel positions, and have flown regular reconnaissance sorties over rebel-held territory.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=07tT3RR1KD1fRPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The UN and FARDC have deployed attack helicopters against rebel positions, and have flown regular reconnaissance sorties over rebel-held territory.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0cJX91Tenj7EHDespite the rebels holding ground less than 50km from the city, daily life continues for Goma citizens, although with an increasingly uneasy air.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0cJX91Tenj7EHPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesDespite the rebels holding ground less than 50km from the city, daily life continues for Goma citizens, although with an increasingly uneasy air. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=04F7ete7k16LDWith heavy fighting erupting in the towns north of Goma, heavy deployments of FARDC troops have been called to action.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=04F7ete7k16LDPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesWith heavy fighting erupting in the towns north of Goma, heavy deployments of FARDC troops have been called to action. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bgB6La2RW585

The full might of the UN and Congolese army is being used against the rebels.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bgB6La2RW585Phil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

The full might of the UN and Congolese army is being used against the rebels.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bWv1vMd0IfPoYet the rebels seem to be holding their consolidated positions and gaining ground towards Goma.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0bWv1vMd0IfPoPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesYet the rebels seem to be holding their consolidated positions and gaining ground towards Goma. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0a6Y9lr46zepBWhen M23 took the border town of Bunagana, thousands of Congolese fled across the border to the Nyakabande Transit Centre in Kisoro, Uganda.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0a6Y9lr46zepBPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesWhen M23 took the border town of Bunagana, thousands of Congolese fled across the border to the Nyakabande Transit Centre in Kisoro, Uganda. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0cIWdQn0z1gw2

And recent clashes around Kibumba have caused more than 8,000 people to flee south towards Goma, sheltering in schools in Kibati on the city's outskirts.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0cIWdQn0z1gw2Phil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

And recent clashes around Kibumba have caused more than 8,000 people to flee south towards Goma, sheltering in schools in Kibati on the city's outskirts.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0dck0W202seIYA nervous air surrounds the attacks, with the question of an attack on Goma looming ever closer.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0dck0W202seIYPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesA nervous air surrounds the attacks, with the question of an attack on Goma looming ever closer. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fJHdGHbWsaVz

Heavy fighting is taking place around Rugari and Rumangabo. Above, an FARDC tank retreats through Rugari following an M23 ambush.

Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0fJHdGHbWsaVzPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload Images

Heavy fighting is taking place around Rugari and Rumangabo. Above, an FARDC tank retreats through Rugari following an M23 ambush.

http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=00qEd2fbWY1coFollowing heavy fighting in Rugari, a resident of the village watches an army tank retreat following an M23 ambush.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=00qEd2fbWY1coPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesFollowing heavy fighting in Rugari, a resident of the village watches an army tank retreat following an M23 ambush. http://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0geX51N8ZX4GdThe villages of Rugari and Rumangabo have been the stage for heavy fighting in recent days. Following an ambush in Rugari, government tanks retreat towards Kibumba.Mon, 06 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://aljazeera.smartgalleries.net/gallery/1344236484872?image_id=0geX51N8ZX4GdPhil MooreAl JazeeraAl Jazeera Upload ImagesThe villages of Rugari and Rumangabo have been the stage for heavy fighting in recent days. Following an ambush in Rugari, government tanks retreat towards Kibumba.


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