Two environmental activists allegedly abducted by the Philippine military more than two weeks ago have been freed.
Jonila Castro, 21, and Jhed Tamano, 22, were working with coastal communities opposed to reclamation activities in Manila Bay when they disappeared on September 2 near the capital Manila.
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They were released late on Tuesday night, hours after appearing at a government press conference where they went off script and accused the military of abduction — charges the authorities have repeatedly denied.
The Philippines is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for land and environmental defenders, with 11 activists killed in 2022, according to watchdog Global Witness.
“We proved, because of what happened, that what we are fighting for is correct,” a defiant Castro told reporters and activists after she was freed.
Tamano, who was standing next to Castro, called for “the resurfacing of other victims of forced disappearances”.
On September 15, nearly two weeks after the pair’s disappearance, the National Security Council (NSC) and police announced at a news conference that Castro and Tamano were being held in a safe house after they sought help from authorities.
The authorities denied the women were activists and said allegations by “leftist organisations” that they had been abducted was “fake news” and an “elaborate hoax”.
NSC spokesman Jonathan Malaya claimed the women were “not environmentalists but leftist organisers”.
On Tuesday, however, Castro and Tamano offered a different version of events at a news conference hosted by the government’s National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict, which was set up by former president Rodrigo Duterte.
The task force has frequently accused government critics of being communist sympathisers, without evidence.
The practice, known as “red-tagging”, can result in the arrest, detention or even death of the person targeted. It has continued under President Ferdinand Marcos Jr, who succeeded Duterte in 2022.
“The truth is we were abducted by the military via a van,” Castro told the news conference in Bulacan province not far from the capital.
“We were obliged to surrender because they threatened to kill us. That’s the truth. We did not want to be in the custody of the military.”
Castro said the statement they signed was “not true”.
“We had no choice during that time. We want to show today the state’s blatant fascism towards activists, who only want to fight for Manila Bay,” she said.
Recordings of the news conference were widely shared on X, formerly known as Twitter, but later removed from the authorities’ Facebook pages.
In a statement, the task force said it “felt betrayed” by the allegations and accused the women of parroting “the propaganda lines of Leftist groups on their supposed abduction by security forces”.
The agency said it stood by the military and the police investigation into the incident.
Karapatan, an alliance of local rights groups, said the women’s statements showed official claims they had surrendered to authorities were “all lies and hogwash”.