Europe has warmed at more than twice the global average over the past three decades and experienced a greater temperature rise than any other continent, the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization said.
Average temperatures in the European region have risen by 0.5 degrees Celsius (0.9 degrees Fahrenheit) each decade since 1991, according to the joint report by World Meteorological Organization and the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service released on Wednesday.
“Europe presents a live picture of a warming world and reminds us that even well prepared societies are not safe from impacts of extreme weather events,” WMO secretary-general Petteri Taalas said in a statement.
Europe has been experiencing record temperatures and has become a “heatwave hotspot” in the last few years.
A new joint report highlights the #StateOfClimate in Europe, where temperatures increased more than on any other continent. It's not all bad news. Several European countries cut greenhouse gas emissions. Let's keep the momentum going for #ClimateAction at #COP7🤝@CopernicusECMWF pic.twitter.com/6RBD0RGjEt
— World Meteorological Organization (@WMO) November 2, 2022
“This year, like 2021, large parts of Europe have been affected by extensive heatwaves and drought, fuelling wildfires,” Taalas said, also decrying “death and devastation” from last year’s “exceptional floods”.
Extreme weather that is getting increasingly worse due to climate change has created damages exceeding $50bn in Europe last year. The report warned that temperatures would likely continue to rise across Europe at a rate exceeding global mean temperature changes, regardless of future levels of global warming.
A large part of the continent is in the sub-Arctic and Arctic, which is the fastest-warming region on Earth.
Between 1990 and 2020, the EU cut greenhouse gas emissions by 31 percent, aiming to reach 55 percent by 2030, according to the report. It also added that Europe is also one of the most advanced regions when it comes to cross-border cooperation towards climate change adaptation.
“European society is vulnerable to climate variability and change,” said Carlo Buontempo, head of Copernicus’s European Centre of Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF).
“But Europe is also at the forefront of the international effort to mitigate climate change and to develop innovative solutions to adapt to the new climate Europeans will have to live with.”
The report was published days in advance of the annual United Nations climate conference COP 27, which will start in Egypt on November 6.
World leaders, including French President Emmanuel Macron and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, are expected to attend and discuss how to address the warming of the earth.