North Korea conducted tests of an upgraded long-range cruise missile and a warhead of a tactical guided missile this week, as leader Kim Jong Un visited a munitions factory producing a “major weapon system,” state media KCNA reported on Friday.
Tensions have been simmering over North Korea’s series of six weapons tests in 2022, among the largest number of missile launches it has made in a month. The launches have triggered international condemnation and a new sanctions push from the United States.
An update to a long-range cruise missile system was tested on Tuesday, and another test was held to confirm the power of a conventional warhead for a surface-to-surface tactical guided missile on Thursday, KCNA said.
Earlier, South Korea’s military said Pyongyang fired what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles towards the East Sea, marking its sixth such launch this month.
Kim did not attend the tests, but during a visit to the munitions factory, he lauded “leaping progress in producing major weapons” to implement the ruling Workers’ Party’s decisions made at a meeting last month, a separate dispatch said.
“The factory holds a very important position and duty in modernising the country’s armed forces and realising the national defence development strategy,” Kim said.
KCNA did not specify the weapons or the factory’s location. Kim called for bolstering national defences to tackle an unstable international situation at the late December party gathering.
Last week, North Korea said it would bolster its defences against the US and consider resuming “all temporally-suspended activities”, hinting at lifting a self-declared moratorium on testing nuclear bombs and intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
At the factory, Kim called for “an all-out drive” to produce “powerful cutting-edge arms,” and its workers touted his devotion to “smashing … the challenges of the US imperialists and their vassal forces” seeking to violate their right to self-defence, calling it “the harshest-ever adversity”.
Pyongyang has defended missile launches as its sovereign right to self-defence and accused Washington and Seoul of double standards over weapons tests.
No ICBMs or nuclear weapons have been tested in North Korea since 2017, but a spate of shorter-range missile launches began amid stalled denuclearisation talks, following a failed summit with the US in 2019.
US Department of Defense Press Secretary John Kirby condemned the latest launches as “destabilising,” and called on Pyongyang to “stop these provocations”.
The European Union also issued a statement saying the tests posed a threat to international and regional peace and security, and undermine efforts to resume dialogue and help the country’s people.
BREAKING: Two 'presumed short-range ballistic missiles' were fired from near Hamhung on North Korea's east coast around 8 a.m. Thursday, South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said in an updatehttps://t.co/MOOLdhAP5o
— NK NEWS (@nknewsorg) January 27, 2022
‘Show of force’
Photos released by KCNA showed a thinner-looking Kim wearing a black leather coat and suit during the factory trip, with the faces of some officials blurred.
Yang Moo-jin, a professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul, said the factory might be related to long-range missiles, citing KCNA’s references to a “major weapon system”.
“The ongoing string of tests should be aimed at highlighting the North’s increasingly diverse missile arsenal, and essentially staging a show of force against the United States,” he said.
Pyongyang is likely to ratchet up the intensity of the tests and possibly fire an ICBM or other powerful weapon when it marks the 80th and 110th anniversaries of the birthdays of Kim’s late father and grandfather in February and April, both significant holidays in the country, Yang added.
In Tuesday’s test, two long-range cruise missiles flew 1,800 km (1,118 miles) for two hours and 32 minutes, hitting a target island off the east coast and showing practical combat performance, KCNA said.
The two tactical guided missiles tested on Thursday also precisely struck the target and proved the explosive power of their warhead as designed, it said.
The country “will keep developing powerful warheads capable of performing combat function and mission,” KCNA added.
This month alone, North Korea has also tested tactical guided missiles, two “hypersonic missiles” capable of high speed and manoeuvring after lift-off, and a railway-borne missile system.