Thousands of women across the globe took part in annual marches and protests to mark International Women’s Day, in a muted affair due to restrictions on large gatherings as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
From India to the Philippines to Spain, women called for equal rights and freedoms and an end to violence against women.
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Several hundred Muslim Uighur women in Turkey staged an International Women’s Day march along the Bosphorus demanding the closure of mass incarceration camps in China’s Xinjiang region.
The protesters chanted “stop the genocide” and “close the camps” as they marched within a few hundred metres of China’s walled-off consulate in Turkey’s largest city, Istanbul.
Rights groups believe at least one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim minorities have been imprisoned in camps spread out across the vast northwestern region.
In the Philippines, hundreds of mostly female demonstrators rallied in the capital Manila and took aim at the country’s president, Rodrigo Duterte, for alleged rights abuses against women.
We are facing a virus far deadlier than COVID and it is the rotten, anti-people, pro-foreign interest, and macho-fascist presidency
Protesters smashed an effigy of Duterte with sledgehammers during a demonstration near his residence in Manila during which women’s rights activists denounced him for what they called abusive security policies.
“We are facing a virus far deadlier than COVID and it is the rotten, anti-people, pro-foreign interest, and macho-fascist presidency,” said Joms Salvador, secretary general of Gabriela, a prominent women’s organisation in the Philippines.
Since taking office in 2016, Duterte has infuriated women’s groups, who call him a misogynist after he made jokes about rape on several occasions.
At the national palace in Mexico City, protesters painted the names of hundreds of femicide victims across three-metre metal barriers that were erected last week to protect the historic building from vandalism during Monday’s marches.
Protesters were angered by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s support of a politician accused of rape at a time – Felix Salgado – when the country is suffering rampant gender violence.
In Venezuela, human rights activists protested to demand the release of 17 women they consider political prisoners, as well as to demand punishment for perpetrators of femicide.
In a demonstration outside the UN Development Program’s Caracas office, attorney Ana Leonor Acosta told a crowd that some of the 17 women were being held in order to blackmail wanted relatives into surrendering or confessing.
“They are hostages,” Acosta said.
Rights groups say that President Nicolas Maduro’s government is detaining at least 328 Venezuelans, including civilians and members of the military, for political reasons. Maduro’s government denies holding “political prisoners,” calling the detainees “politicians in jail” for crimes including terrorism.
In India, thousands of female farmers held sit-ins and took part in a hunger strike in the capital as they protested the new agricultural laws.
The demonstrations were held at multiple sites on the fringes of New Delhi where tens of thousands of farmers have camped for more than three months to protest against the laws they say will leave them poorer and at the mercy of big corporations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government says the laws are necessary to modernise agriculture.
About 100 women wearing yellow and green scarves sat cross-legged in front of a makeshift stage in Ghazipur, one of the many protest sites. At least 17 took part in a day-long hunger strike.
“Women are sitting here, out in the open, in protest, but Modi doesn’t care. He doesn’t care about mothers, sisters, and daughters. He doesn’t care about women. That’s clear,” said Mandeep Kaur, a female farmer who travelled 1,100 kilometres (680 miles) from Chhattisgarh state to participate in the protests.
In neighbouring Pakistan, thousands of women rallied across the country. Equal rights, freedom for adults to choose their life partner, an end to forced marriages in the name of culture and religion, and an end to sexual harassment were among the demands of the marchers.
The Aurat March or Women’s March was founded in the South Asian country in 2018 when women from different walks of life marched through Pakistan’s port city of Karachi demanding equal rights. Since then, there have been annual demonstrations in major cities.
In Spain, more than 100 protesters defied a court order prohibiting protests by gathering – while staying at a distance from each other – in Madrid’s Puerta del Sol central square. They shouted “Enough with patriarchal justice!” and held banners against fascism and calling for an end to violence and repression against women.
“Spain can’t continue to be built with women in the margins, with a few that break glass ceilings while the most vulnerable continue on sticky floors,” said Equality Minister Irene Montero.
Women at the negotiating table
A poll by Gallup has found that despite recent high-profile appointments of women globally, wider progress towards equality in political representation and other key areas is faltering.
Data from the UN Women agency showed women serve as heads of state or government in only 22 countries, with 119 nations never having had a female leader.
Fawzia Koofi, a negotiator in the intra-Afghan talks between the government and the Taliban and a member of the Movement for Change party, told Al Jazeera that in Afghanistan women were not regarded as influential citizens who could change the dynamics of war.
“More than four decades of war on Afghanistan, unfortunately, has taken many things from women – not only their lives and the lives of their loved ones but also opportunities: education, access to jobs, and access to resources,” she told Al Jazeera.
“Therefore, these peace talks are about women. And we have had to struggle to ensure that women are on the negotiating table. They represent the transformed Afghanistan.”
Koofi’s comments followed a report by the Afghan Journalists Safety Committee which said more than 300 women had left the industry in recent months.
Citing a “wave of targeted killings” as one of the main reasons, the report also listed financial difficulties caused by the coronavirus pandemic as another.
Last week, three female media workers from Enikass TV were killed by armed fighters in the eastern city of Jalalabad in an attack claimed by the local ISIL-affiliate.
World leaders pay tribute
World leaders, including Pope Francis, marked Internatioanl Women’s Day by praising the role of women.
“Women are more courageous than men, that’s the way it is,” the 84-year-old Argentinian pontiff said on his flight back to Rome after a four-day visit to Iraq.
Russian President Vladimir Putin wished for all women to be “healthy, happy and successful in everything, to reach understanding with everyone who is dear to you”.
United States President Joe Biden paid tribute to the “critical, often outsized” role women played in response to the global pandemic.
“COVID-19 is hitting the poorest and most marginalised women the hardest,” Biden said in a statement.
“These global trends damage all of us because we know that governments, economies, and communities are stronger when they include the full participation of women – no country can recover from this pandemic if it leaves half of its population behind.”
In Turkey, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan underlined the importance of women in society and said his country will undertake new steps to combat violence against women and improve their social and economic status.
“Women, who make up fully half of humanity, cannot and should not be excluded from politics or any other domain of life,” Erdogan told a meeting of the governing party’s women’s branch.
Stating that a new parliamentary commission is being formed to deal with violence against women, Erdogan also stressed that no form of violence against women is tolerable.
The number of women being killed each year in Turkey has risen in the past decade to 300 last year, according to the rights group We Will Stop Femicide Platform.