Joe Biden has been sworn in as president of the United States, following his election victory over Donald Trump last year.
Here are some of the global responses to Wednesday’s transfer of power in Washington, DC. This list will be updated as more reactions from leaders around the world come in.
Taiwan’s president Tsai Ing-wen tweeted her congratulations to Biden and Harris and said she hoped to work together with the new administration on regional democracy, freedom, peace and stability.
Bi-khim Hsiao, Taiwan’s de facto ambassador in Washington, became the first senior official from the self-ruled island, which is claimed by China, to attend a presidential inauguration. She said she was honoured to represent Taiwan at the event.
“Democracy is our common language and freedom is our common objective,” she said in a short video posted to Twitter. “I look forward to working with the next administration in advancing our mutual values and interests.”
Honored to represent the people and government of Taiwan here at the inauguration of President Biden and Vice President Harris. pic.twitter.com/KSatj8vIln
— Bi-khim Hsiao 蕭美琴 (@bikhim) January 20, 2021
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga tweeted his congratulations to the new president and his vice president Kamala Harris in both English and Japanese.
“Japan and the United States are allies tied firmly by bonds and shared universal values,” Suga wrote. “I look forward to working with you and your team to reinforce our alliance and to realize a free and Open Indo-Pacific.”
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he looks forward to working with the incoming president.
“I look forward to working with him [Biden], and with his new administration, strengthening the partnership between our countries and working on our shared priorities, from tackling climate change, building back better from the pandemic and strengthening our transatlantic security,” Johnson said.
Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani sent a cable of congratulations to Biden on the occasion of Biden taking the oath, wishing him success in his duties and pledging friendship and strategic cooperation between the two countries in their further development and growth.
In a video statement, President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said Biden taking the helm marked a “good day for democracy”.
“In the United States of America, it [democracy] has faced tremendous challenges – and endured. Despite the attempts to tear at America’s institutional fabric, election workers and governors, the judiciary and Congress have proven strong,” he said.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said the US was “back”.
“Europe stands ready. To reconnect with an old and trusted partner,” she wrote on Twitter.
The United States is back. And Europe stands ready.
To reconnect with an old and trusted partner,
to breathe new life into our cherished alliance.
— Ursula von der Leyen (@vonderleyen) January 20, 2021
Prime Minister Imran Khan on Twitter said he hoped to work with the newly elected Biden “in building a stronger Pak-US partnership”.
I congratulate President @JoeBiden on his inauguration. Look forward to working with @POTUS in building a stronger Pak-US partnership through trade & economic engagement, countering climate change, improving public health, combating corruption & promoting peace in region & beyond
— Imran Khan (@ImranKhanPTI) January 20, 2021
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said he was “looking forward” to working with the Biden presidency.
“We have a strong common agenda, ranging from the effective multilateralism that we both want to see to climate change, green and digital transition and social inclusion,” Conte said.
China’s local and state media outlet Xinhua wrote an editorial hailing the end of Trump’s term, saying “good riddance to the current US administration and its final madness”.
— China Xinhua News (@XHNews) January 20, 2021
Pope Francis told Biden he was praying that God would guide his efforts to bring reconciliation in the US and among the nations of the world.
In a message sent shortly after the second Catholic US president was sworn in, Francis also said he hoped Biden would work towards a society marked by true justice, freedom and respect for the rights and dignity of every person, especially the poor, the vulnerable and those with no voice.
President Hassan Rouhani hailed the departure of “tyrant” Trump, who in 2018 reimposed punishing sanctions against Iran following Washington’s unilateral decision to withdraw from a landmark nuclear deal signed between Tehran and world powers in 2015.
A “tyrant’s era came to an end and today is the final day of his ominous reign,” Rouhani said.
“We expect [the Biden administration] to return to law and to commitments, and try in the next four years, if they can, to remove the stains of the past four years.”
Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh called for action and “not just words” shortly after Biden was sworn in.
“The world knows that only the US can fix itself – in practice; not just words,” Khatibzadeh said in a Twitter post.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau congratulated Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris and said he was “looking forward to continuing this partnership”.
Congratulations, @JoeBiden, on your inauguration as the 46th President of the United States. Our two countries have tackled some of history’s greatest challenges together – and I’m looking forward to continuing this partnership with you, @KamalaHarris, and your administration.
— Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) January 20, 2021
NATO said it hoped to boost transatlantic ties under Biden.
“We look forward to working with President-elect Joe Biden to further strengthen ties between the United States and Europe, as we face global challenges none of us can tackle alone,” the military alliance’s chief Jens Stoltenberg wrote on Twitter.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Russia will seek “good relations with the United States”, but whether or not the latter works towards the same goal will “depend on Mr Biden and his team”.
Peskov said President Vladimir Putin has “consistently” advocated for the preservation of a landmark nuclear weapons treaty and it was now up to Washington to preserve the pact.
French President Emmanuel Macron lauded new US President Joe Biden’s decision to return to the Paris Agreement climate accord, telling him “welcome back” in a congratulatory message after his inauguration.
“Best wishes on this most significant day for the American people!” Macron tweeted in English.
To @JoeBiden and @KamalaHarris.
Best wishes on this most significant day for the American people!
We are together.
We will be stronger to face the challenges of our time. Stronger to build our future. Stronger to protect our planet. Welcome back to the Paris Agreement!
— Emmanuel Macron (@EmmanuelMacron) January 20, 2021
“We are together. We will be stronger to face the challenges of our time. Stronger to build our future. Stronger to protect our planet. Welcome back to the Paris Agreement!”
French government spokesman Gabriel Attal said Biden’s commitments to rejoin the World Health Organization (WHO) – which leads the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic – and the Paris climate treaty are “extremely important” following Trump’s exit from them.
“We are impatient to build with President Biden a strong, useful and renewed relationship,” Attal said after a cabinet meeting. “We have aims and colossal challenges to take together.”
Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated Biden and said on Twitter that the US and India “stand united and resilient in addressing common challenges and advancing global peace and security”.
My warmest congratulations to @JoeBiden on his assumption of office as President of the United States of America. I look forward to working with him to strengthen India-US strategic partnership.
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) January 20, 2021
Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said: “There are no regrets at the departure of Trump, as he has been the biggest source and sponsor of injustice, violence and extremism in the world and the direct partner of the Israeli occupation in the aggression against our people.”
“US President Joe Biden must reverse the course of misguided and unjust policies against our people and lay the foundations for security and stability in the region.”
“Congratulations Joe Biden and Kamala Harris! Best wishes in your work on behalf of all United States people. Looking forward to working with you on developing relations between Belarus and US!”, exiled opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanovskaya posted on Twitter.
The spokesman for Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said: “Biden’s victory represents the victory of democracy over the extreme right.
“Five years ago, we believed without [a] doubt that Trump was a bad joke. Five years later, we realise that he endangered the world’s most powerful democracy.”
Greek Prime Minister said he looked to further strengthening ties between Greece and the US with “a sense of renewed optimism”.
— Prime Minister GR (@PrimeministerGR) January 20, 2021
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he shared Joe Biden’s policy priorities and wished him success ahead of his inauguration.
“I agree with his three main approaches … [tackling the] pandemic, economic reactivation and migration. And of course, wishing that President Biden does very well in his administration,” he told reporters.
Prime Minister Antonio Costa said on Twitter that his administration was ready to work with Biden from “day one”.
We are ready to work with President @JoeBiden from day one to strengthen EU-US relations, reaffirm the enduring relevance of #NATO and reinforce multilateral responses to issues such as climate change and the defence of democracy and human rights. #EU2021PT
— António Costa (@antoniocostapm) January 20, 2021
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged Biden to “strengthen” a long-standing alliance between the two countries, partly in order to confront the “threat” posed by Iran.
“I look forward to working with you to further strengthen the US-Israel alliance, to continue expanding peace between Israel and the Arab world and to confront common challenges, chief among them the threat posed by Iran,” Netanyahu said in a video congratulating Biden.