The United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in Iran said he asked Iran to free all political prisoners temporarily from its overcrowded and disease-ridden jails to help stem the spread of the coronavirus.
More than 8,000 coronavirus cases have been recorded in Iran, making it the fourth-most-affected country after China, South Korea and Italy, World Health Organization data shows. Some 291 people have died in Iran as of Tuesday.
Iran’s judiciary chief said on Monday that authorities temporarily freed about 70,000 prisoners to help limit the spread of the coronavirus as officials reported hundreds of new infections and dozens more deaths across the country.
But UN rapporteur Javaid Rehman said only those serving sentences of less than five years had been freed, while political prisoners and others with heavier sentences linked to their participation in protest marches remained in jail.
“A number of dual and foreign nationals are at real risk if they have not … got it [coronavirus], they are really fearful of the conditions,” Rehman told a press briefing in Geneva, asked about the fate of rights activists such as Narges Mohammadi.
“This is also my worrying concern and, therefore, I have recommended to the state of the Islamic Republic of Iran to release all prisoners on temporary release.”
A spokesman later clarified that Rehman was referring only to political prisoners and prisoners of conscience.
Before this week’s announced release, Iran said it had 189,500 prisoners, according to the report Rehman submitted to the UN Human Rights Council in January. Those prisoners are believed to include hundreds arrested during or after anti-government protests in November.
“I am highly concerned that hundreds, if not thousands, of November protesters detained are currently experiencing hardship in overcrowded facilities,” Rehman said, adding that prisoners should also be subject to comprehensive testing for the coronavirus.
In a February report, Rehman described how overcrowded and unhygienic conditions were causing the spread of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and hepatitis C. Quoting inmates, he said prisoners even had to provide their own soap.
Rehman said Iran’s efforts to contain the coronavirus had been inadequate.
“In my estimation, the state has done too little and too late,” he said. Asked to elaborate, he cited the decision last month to go ahead with a parliamentary election involving mass rallies in the holy city of Qom, despite the emergence of coronavirus cases.
“Across the country we have heard, and we have information, that little action was taken initially and as yet there is still inadequate action,” he said.