A survivor describes how she kept a secret notebook in which she recorded the abuses committed against her and others.
Germany and Finland say they have repatriated 23 of their nationals, women and children from Syria, some of whom were under criminal investigation for allegedly belonging to the ISIL (ISIS) group.
“I am very relieved that we were able to repatriate another 12 children and three mothers from camps in northeastern Syria yesterday,” German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said in a statement on Sunday.
Maas said the repatriations were “humanitarian cases, primarily orphans and children who were ill – cases in which a repatriation was deemed particularly necessary and urgent”.
He added that it is not legally possible to repatriate children without their mothers.
For its part, the Finnish foreign ministry said it had brought home six children and two adult mothers.
“Under the constitution, Finnish public authorities are obligated to safeguard the basic rights of the Finnish children interned in the camps insofar as this is possible,” it said.
“The basic rights of the children interned in the al-Hol camps can be safeguarded only by repatriating them to Finland.”
According to Helsinki, more than 9,000 foreign women and children, two-thirds of them children, are still being held in the al-Hol and Roj camps in northeastern Syria, housing suspected ISIL family members and sympathisers.
Many European nations have resisted repatriating their nationals from the camps because of the security risks, it said.
According to German media reports, the three repatriated German women are aged between 21 and 38 and the children are aged between two and 12. The group resided in a refugee camp under Kurdish control.
The three women were “wives of jihadists” of the ISIL group and “are in very poor health”, spokesman for the Kurdish administration’s foreign relations office, Kamal Akif, told AFP news agency.
One of the German women was detained on arrival in Frankfurt, a statement by the anti-terrorist prosecutors’ office said.
Besides allegedly belonging to ISIL, the woman, identified as Leonora M and aged 21, is suspected of using a young Yazidi woman as a slave.
Her husband was a member of the ISIL’s “secret services”, the prosecutor said.