Intellectuals such as Cornel West and Achille Mbembe call on Portugal to act after series of racist attacks.
A Congolese activist was fined 2,000 euros ($2,320) on Wednesday for trying to take a 19th-century African funeral pole from a Paris museum in a protest against colonial-era injustice that he streamed online.
The Paris court convicted Emery Mwazulu Diyabanza and two other activists of attempted theft, but the sentence stopped far short of what they potentially faced for their actions at the Quai Branly Museum: 10 years in prison and 150,000 euros ($176,000) in fines.
Activists and defence lawyers viewed the case as a trial about how former empires should atone for past crimes. Diyabanza’s museum action took place in June, amid global protests against racial injustice and colonial-era wrongs unleashed by George Floyd’s death on May 25 in the United States at the knee of a white policeman.
In the Quai Branly protest, Diyabanza and other activists dislodged the funeral pole from its perch while he gave a livestreamed speech about plundered African art.
Guards quickly stopped them. The activists argue that they never planned to steal the work but just wanted to call attention to its origins.
The presiding judge insisted the trial should focus on the specific funeral pole incident and that his court was not competent to judge France’s colonial era.
French officials denounced the Quai Branly incident, saying it threatens continuing negotiations with African countries launched by French President Emmanuel Macron in 2018 for legal, organised restitution efforts.
Diyabanza has staged similar actions in the Netherlands and the southern French city of Marseille.
He accuses European museums of making millions on artworks taken from now-impoverished countries like his native Congo, and said the funeral pole, which came from current-day Chad, should be among the works returned to Africa.