Why is Boris Johnson in intensive care and who is 'caretaker PM'?

Boris Johnson has become the first world leader to be hospitalised with the coronavirus.

    UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been admitted into intensive care at a hospital after his condition worsened [File: Matt Dunham/The Associated Press]
    UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been admitted into intensive care at a hospital after his condition worsened [File: Matt Dunham/The Associated Press]

    Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who is the first world leader to be hospitalised with COVID-19, was transferred to an intensive care unit on Monday, shortly after he was first admitted to St Thomas' hospital in London.

    COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, has spread in a global pandemic. It was announced on Tuesday afternoon that, as of 16:00 GMT on Monday, 6,159 people in the UK had died from the virus, according to the health ministry. More than 55,000 people have so far tested positive for the infection.

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    In Tuesday's daily afternoon briefing, the de facto deputy prime minister, Dominic Raab, told reporters that the prime minister was breathing without assistance and had not required respiratory support.

    "He remains in good spirits," said Raab. "And in keeping with usual clinical practice, his progress continues to be monitored closely.

    "I'm confident he will pull through. If there is one thing I know about this prime minister, he's a fighter."

    What happened?

    On March 27, Johnson said he had tested positive for the virus and went into immediate self-isolation in a flat at Downing Street.

    On Friday, he said he still had a fever in a video message posted on Twitter.

    More than a week after announcing his positive test, he was admitted to hospital on Sunday and was undergoing tests after his symptoms failed to ease.

    On Monday evening, the government announced he had been transferred to the intensive care unit.

    Why was he moved to the ICU?

    Downing Street said on Monday that Johnson's condition had worsened and that he had been moved on the advice of his medical team as a precaution in case he needs a ventilator.

    Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove told UK media early on Tuesday that while Johnson "has received oxygen support", he was not on a ventilator. 

    UK premier at hospital as 'precautionary step'
    St Thomas' Hospital, where Johnson is being cared for after experiencing persistent COVID-19 symptoms. [Anadolu Agency]

    Coronavirus impacts infected people differently. 

    While some display few symptoms, others experience severe respiratory issues, which has led to a global shortage of ventilators. 

    The decision to move someone to intensive care is not taken lightly.

    Patients in the unit are seriously ill and are monitored more closely. They often need artificial support to fight infection.

    Find out more about what happens when people contract the disease here.

    Who is in charge while Johnson is in hospital?

    Britain has no formal succession plan should the prime minister become incapacitated, but Johnson had asked Raab, the foreign secretary, to deputise in his absence.

    Raab is also first secretary of state, which implies seniority over all other ministers except the prime minister, making him his de-facto deputy.

    The 46-year-old is better known for being the Brexit minister under former Prime Minister Theresa May, but quit his position three months later after arguing May's deal with Brussels had offered too many concessions.

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson Hospitalized Due To Coronavirus Infection
    Dominic Raab, 46, is currently in charge of the government while Johnson remains incapacitated. [Peter Summers/Getty Images]

    "The government's business will continue," Raab told reporters on Monday, saying Johnson was in the safe hands of a brilliant medical team.

    "The focus of the government will continue to be on making sure that the prime minister's direction, all the plans for making sure that we can defeat coronavirus and can pull the country through this challenge, will be taken forward."

    Asked by the BBC if Raab had the nuclear codes while Johnson remains incapacitated, Gove said: "There are well-developed protocols which are in place ... I just really cannot talk about national security issues."

    Raab unsuccessfully ran against Johnson last year to try and become the Conservative Party leader.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera News