Colombo, Sri Lanka – A decision to ban face coverings a week after more than 250 people were killed in a series of coordinated attacks on Easter Sunday has drawn a mixed response, with activists saying the move “violated Muslim women’s right to practice their religion freely”.
The law that takes effect from Monday did not specifically name “burqas, niqabs or hijab” worn by many Muslim women. A “burqa” is an outer garment that covers the entire body and the face, a “niqab” is a veil that also covers the face, while a “hijab” covers only the hair.
“The ban is to ensure national security … No one should obscure their faces to make identification difficult,” President Maithripala Sirisena said in a statement on Sunday.
Many in Sri Lanka, including the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama (ACJU), the top body of Islamic scholars in the South Asian island nation, have backed the move on security grounds.
The group had earlier issued guidance asking Muslim women to avoid wearing face veils in public but added that it was opposed to the legislation.
Sheikh Arkam Nooramith from ACJU said his organisation has discussed the issue with the Ministry of Justice.
“We had asked that we are given some more time, and whatever concerns that the ministry has – with regards [to] what is possible within religious norms we will guide the Muslim community,” Nooramith told Al Jazeera.
Muslims form nearly 10 percent of the South Asian nation’s 22 million population.
Al Jazeera spoke to a range of Sri Lankans, including Muslim women, on an issue that is dividing opinions in the Indian island nation.
Qaanita Razeek, 33, cofounder of Soup Kitchen Sri Lanka which helps the destitute, regardless of race/religion, wearer of the face veil
While I understand that there is a difference in scholarly opinion about the wearing of the face veil, I made the choice to wear the “niqab” 16 years ago and asking me to unveil now is like asking to strip me of my identity.
Looking at the larger picture and the purpose with which I want to live my life, staying home is not an option for me, and I am trying to figure out a way around this.
Harshana Rajakaruna, Member of Parliament from the ruling United National Party
I feel that the majority of the Muslim community are very positive and happy about the ban.
I have spoken to members of the Muslim community, they say: “We never had this culture [of face veils] in Sri Lanka, this is something that has come to our community through influences of the last 10 to 15 years.”
Zainab Hussein (not her real name), a prominent social activist based in Colombo, wearer of the head scarf
In the current context, I don’t think there is anything much we can do to show resistance against this ban. However, the worry is the precedent that the law is setting.
There are schools of thought emerging against the hijab and other parts of Muslim female attire.
I understand, however, how avoiding the “niqab” would help with easing some of the fears – but will the vigilantes stop at what the government has prescribed [ie banning only the face veil] or will they go further?
We are already seeing overstepping. Both the government and the Muslim community have to do a lot of communications to ensure that this works smoothly.
Kalana Senaratne, senior lecturer, Department of Law, University of Peradeniya
The banning of the “burqa/niqab” is to be welcomed especially if this marks a shift in Sri Lankan society towards a more secular ethos.
If the banning is motivated by hate, it would have a very negative effect especially on the Muslim community in the long-term.
Security cannot be enhanced merely by banning the “burqa/niqab”. It has to be linked to the broader objective of secularisation of Sri Lankan society, which in turn requires other ethnic and religious groups, including the Sinhala Buddhist majority, to rethink and reform their own communities in more progressive and pluralist ways.
Tehani Ariyaratne, women’s rights activist
Any ban on the “niqab” without consultation with those who would be directly affected by it, is nothing but a reactionary response by the state, designed to distract from its woeful lack of accountability for the events that have taken place over the last week.
Muslim women and Muslim women’s rights groups and activists have not been consulted in the process of putting this ban in place.
This is unacceptable. It is a violation of their right to practice their religion freely, and they should be the principal stakeholders in this discussion.
Instead, once again, Muslim women are sidelined in decisions that affect their own lives.