Xinjiang needs to “perfect” stability maintenance measures and crack down on “religious extremism”, the ruling Communist Party’s fourth-ranked leader said on a tour of the Chinese region where members of the Uighur community have been put in internment camps.
Critics say Uighurs and other Muslims who live in Xinjiang are being held in detention centres, though the government calls them “vocational training centres”.
Authorities say it has a genuine need to prevent “extremist thinking” and violence.
During a March 20 to March 25 visit to Xinjiang, including Kashgar and Tumxuk in the Uighur southern part of the region, Wang Yang said the situation in Xinjiang was “continuing to develop well”, the official Xinjiang Daily said on Tuesday.
Authorities “must perfect stability-maintenance measures, and maintain high pressure on the ‘three forces’,” the paper cited Wang as saying, referring to “terror, extremism and separatism”.
“Correctly implement the party’s policy on ethnic minorities, resolutely oppose and crack down on ethnic separatist forces,” added Wang, who heads the leading but largely ceremonial advisory body to China’s parliament.
“Resolutely oppose and crack down on religious extremist thought, and at the same time ensure the normal religious needs of believers in accordance with the law.”
China has been stepping up a push to counter growing criticism in the West and among rights groups about the programme in the Xinjiang region bordering Central Asia.
That has included inviting foreign diplomats and reporters to visit on well-chaperoned tours, including a Reuters reporter who went there in January.
The government has shown happy, well-dressed people in the centres on these trips, and said they are treated respectfully and have their rights protected. Rights groups, however, say there is mistreatment and even torture. Charges China denies.
The government has not said how many people are in these centres.
Adrian Zenz, a leading independent researcher on China’s ethnic policies, said this month an estimated 1.5 million Uighurs and other Muslims could be held in the centres in Xinjiang, up from his earlier figure of one million.
However, European Union ambassadors in Beijing will not be visiting Xinjiang this week after receiving a government invitation, as such a trip needs “careful preparation”, a spokesperson for the bloc said on Monday.
A US official told Reuters that “highly choreographed” tours to Xinjiang organised by the Chinese government were misleading and propagated false narratives about the region.
Dilxat Raxit, a spokesman for the main exiled group, the World Uyghur Congress, said the invite sent to EU officials to Xinjiang was a “political trick” meant to deflect pressure from the international community.
“We hope the EU officials could use this opportunity to ask for an unobstructed deep understanding of the situation on the ground, and refuse China’s specially orchestrated political show,” he said in a statement.