Twitter said the tweets – the majority of which were in Arabic – also amplified discussions about sanctions on Iran and appearances by Saudi government officials in Western media.
The 5,929 accounts removed are part of a larger group of 88,000 accounts engaged in “spammy behaviour” across a wide range of topics. However, Twitter is not disclosing all of them because some might be hacked private accounts “repurposed to engage in platform manipulation”.
Social media companies have been trying to tackle misinformation on their services, especially in the lead up to next year’s US presidential election. The efforts followed revelations that Russians bankrolled thousands of fake political ads during the 2016 polls.
There was no immediate comment by Saudi officials.
In September, Twitter suspended the account of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman‘s former top adviser, Saud al-Qahtani, who also served as director of the cybersecurity federation. Al-Qahtani has been implicated in the 2018 killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi inside the kingdom’s consulate in the Turkish city of Istanbul.
As with Friday’s announcement, Twitter said that account had violated the company’s platform manipulation policy.
The Saudi government has used different tactics to control speech and keep reformers and others from organising, including employing troll armies to harass and intimidate users online. It has also arrested and imprisoned Twitter users.