WSJ: Anti-stall system activated in Ethiopian Boeing crash

Wall Street Journal reports investigators' initial finding is MCAS automatically turned on before Ethiopia plane crash.

    A number of Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 MAX aircraft are parked at Southern California Logistics Airport in Victorville, California [AFP]
    A number of Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 MAX aircraft are parked at Southern California Logistics Airport in Victorville, California [AFP]

    The investigators of the Boeing 737 MAX crash in Ethiopia that killed 157 people have reached a preliminary conclusion that an anti-stall system was activated before the plane hit the ground, the Wall Street Journal has reported citing people briefed on the matter.

    The WSJ report on Friday said the preliminary findings from the flight recorders were subject to revisions, adding an initial report from the Ethiopian investigators was expected within days.

    The plane crashed on March 10 shortly after the take-off from Addis Ababa.

    The investigators looking into another deadly 737 MAX crash in Indonesia in October have also focused on the new anti-stall system called Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS).

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    According to a preliminary report from Indonesia crash investigators released in November, the MCAS on the Lion Air flight was repeatedly pushing the plane's nose down due to erroneous sensor information. 

    The two crashes, barely five months apart, have claimed a total of 346 lives.

    On Wednesday, Boeing said a planned software fix would prevent repeated operation of the system that is at the centre of safety concerns.

    Instead of depending on a single sensor signalling the angle of the plane's nose, the MCAS will rely on data from both of the plane's sensors.

    Boeing's fastest-selling 737 MAX jet, with orders worth more than $500bn at list prices, has been grounded globally by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), although airlines are still allowed to fly them without passengers to move planes to other airports.

    On Wednesday, an American crew declared an emergency "performance issue" after taking off in a 737 MAX and returned to the Orlando airport in Florida safely. The FAA said it is investigating but the emergency was not related to MCAS. 

    US lawsuit

    On Thursday, a lawsuit against Boeing was filed in Chicago federal court by the family of Jackson Musoni, a citizen of Rwanda and United Nations employee who died in the Ethiopian Airlines flight crash.

    The lawsuit alleges that Boeing had defectively designed the automated flight control system. Boeing said it could not comment on the lawsuit.

    A preliminary report from the investigators on the cause of the Ethiopian Airlines crash that killed 157 is expected within days [Tiksa Negeri/Reuters]

    The amount and quality of training that Boeing and airlines provided to 737 MAX pilots is one of the issues under scrutiny as investigators around the world try to determine the causes of two 737 MAX crashes within five months.

    The US Department of Justice is investigating Boeing's development process and what Boeing disclosed about MCAS.

    The US Transportation Department said on Monday that a new blue ribbon commission will review how the Federal Aviation Administration certifies new aircraft.

    SOURCE: Al Jazeera and news agencies