Rebels focused on ceasefire at Astana peace talks

Opposition official tells Al Jazeera Kazakhstan talks to focus on current truce, as opposed to President Assad’s future.

Yahya al-Aridi
Consolidating the ceasefire was among the opposition's aims at Astana, said Yahya al-Aridi [Al Jazeera]

Astana, Kazakhstan – Syrian opposition officials said they will not be discussing the future of President Bashar al-Assad during peace talks being held in Kazakhstan, and are instead focused on securing the current ceasefire.

“No one has discussed this [the future of Assad],” Yahya al-Aridi, spokesman for the opposition delegation and adviser to the High Negotiations Committee (HNC) told Al Jazeera on Sunday.

Assad was still a “red line” for the opposition, he explained, adding that there was “no context” for discussing the president’s role after a potential political solution.

“[Keeping Assad] is the best prescription for the continuation of the tragedy. If he is capable of carrying on his shoulders the death of half a million people and the displacement of half of the population […] then he can stay. But in reality, things do not work this way,” Aridi said.

Two-day negotiations are set to begin on Monday.

Officials say meetings will be aimed at consolidating the nationwide ceasefire that went into effect last month. 

“At this stage, we have one goal, which has been agreed upon by all the parties included. That is to consolidate the ceasefire. That is why we came here,” Osama Abu Zaid, spokesman for the Free Syrian Army, one of the rebel groups fighting Assad’s government, told Al Jazeera.

He added that his delegation had met Turkish officials on Sunday to discuss the agenda of the talks.

A ceasefire which went into effect on December 30 has largely been holding, despite pockets of violence namely in the suburbs of the capital Damascus, where Syrian government forces have been advancing to retake strategic areas.

Representatives from Moscow and Ankara will be leading the negotiations with the support of Iranian diplomats.

The United Nations special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, will also be attending the talks to play a supportive role.

READ MORE: Syria talks set to begin in Astana as ceasefire holds

Earlier this month, Assad declared that his government was ready to negotiate “on everything” during the Astana meetings.

Yet, the president’s future has been one of the main sticking points that have led to the failure of previous efforts to end close to six years of war in Syria.

‘Opposition to compromise’

Since Russia’s military intervention in September 2015, the opposition has faced major setbacks, in particular, the defeat in east Aleppo in December.

Analysts say the rebels no longer have the leverage to shape the peace talks.

“The political opposition will be the first to offer compromises, since they are the ones who were driven away and marginalised,” Mohamed Alahmad, a professor at Georgetown University’s Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, told Al Jazeera.

Aridi said as well as attempting to consolidate the ceasefire, rebels wanted to secure the release of prisoners held by the Assad government, lift blockades on besieged areas and ensure civilian access to humanitarian aid.

Speaking to a group of reporters, Aridi would not confirm or deny whether there would be direct negotiations between the Syrian opposition and the government in Damascus.

During last year’s UN-backed peace talks in Geneva, the Syrian government refused to engage in direct negotiations with the opposition, whom it calls “terrorists”.

The Astana meetings are expected to be followed by UN-mediated diplomatic talks in Geneva on February 8.

“There is a Geneva track where they could talk about these things [Assad’s future] in detail, where there will be some political transition with full power to the welfare of the people again, to bring Syria back to life,” said Aridi.

Hundreds of thousands of Syrians have been killed during the war, which initially started when largely unarmed anti-government uprisings against Assad erupted in 2011.

More than 12 million people, approximately half of the country’s prewar population, have also been displaced over the course of the war.

Additional reporting by Dylan Collins: @Collinsdyl

Source: Al Jazeera