Rights groups say Israel is using excessive force against Palestinian civilians in the recent wave of violence.
Israeli forces have been using “disproportionate violence” against Palestinian children as they killed at least ten this month during the ongoing unrest that engulfs Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory.
“Amid escalating violence and an increasingly militarised environment where Israeli forces and settlers operate with complete impunity, Palestinian children have been subject to disproportionate violence,” Brad Parker, attorney and international advocacy officer at Defence for Children International (DCI)- Palestine, told Al Jazeera.
Such periodic bouts of violence “leave deep psychological scars” on Palestinian children, Federica D’Alessandra, a policy fellow at Harvard University’s Carr Centre for Human Rights, told Al Jazeera
“Research by many scholars has shown that depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and general psychological difficulties are common among [Palestinian] children,” she said.
Triggered last month by Israeli incursions into the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, protests against Israel’s ongoing occupation have given way to a spike in violence in Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Israeli forces have used tear gas, stun grenades, rubber-coated bullets and live ammunition against demonstrators, including children.
Since October 1, Israeli army and police have killed at least 52 Palestinians – among them alleged attackers, unarmed protesters and bystanders – while a series of Palestinian attacks have left eight Israelis dead.
Critics have argued that the children could have been apprehended without the use of lethal force.
“This raises concerns that Israeli forces have apparently adopted a ‘shoot-to-kill’ policy, which in some incidents may amount to extrajudicial killings,” DCI-Palestine’s Parker said.
Others were shot dead during protests and clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians in the West Bank and on the Gaza border.
Parker said that international law prohibits “the use of firearms except when strictly unavoidable to protect life. We regularly find that children killed [by Israel] during demonstrations often pose no direct, mortal threat to the life of any police officer or soldier at the time they were killed”.
Last month, Israel relaxed live fire regulations against Palestinian protesters.
On Tuesday night, a group of Israeli settlers attacked and injured 14-year-old Saqir Herzallah in Yabad, a village in the northern West Bank. As Herzallah was picking olives in his family’s orchard, several Israelis from the nearby Mevo Dotan settlement caught and beat the boy, according to local media.
Al-Haq, a Ramallah-based human rights organisation, has documented 48 cases of settler violence against Palestinians since October 1, including several instances in which children were attacked.
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