Business booms and people feel freer, but socialist benefits and bureaucracy are still in place.
Raul Castro has announced that he will step down as Cuba’s president in 2018 following a final five-year term.
“I should clarify that … this shall be my last term“
– Raul Castro
On Sunday, shortly after he made the announcement in a nationally broadcast speech, the new parliament named a 52-year-old rising star to become his first vice president and most visible successor.
Miguel Diaz-Canel, a member of the political bureau, rose through the party ranks in the provinces to become the most visible possible successor to Castro.
“I should clarify that, in my case, independent of the date on which the Constitution is perfected, this shall be my last term,” Castro said soon after the Cuban National Assembly elected him to a second five-year term in the opening session of the new parliament.
Diaz-Canel would succeed Castro if he cannot serve his full term.
The new government will almost certainly be the last headed up by the Castro brothers and their followers who have ruled Cuba since they swept to power in the 1959 revolution.
Raul Castro starts his second term immediately, leaving him free to retire in 2018, aged 86.
Former president Fidel Castro joined the meeting, in a rare public appearance. Since falling ill in 2006 and ceding the
presidency to his brother, the elder Castro, 86, has given up official positions except as a deputy in the National Assembly.
Raul Castro starts his second term immediately, leaving him free to retire in 2018, aged 86 [Reuters]
Governments, Cuba watchers and Cubans were keenly observing to see if any new, and younger, faces might appear among the Council of State members, in particular its first vice president and five vice presidents.
Their hopes were partially fulfilled with Diaz-Canel’s ascension.
He replaces former first vice president, Jose Machado Ventura, 82, who will continue on as one of five vice presidents. Commander of the Revolution Ramiro Valdes, 80, and Gladys Bejerano, 66, the comptroller general were also re-elected as vice presidents.
Two other newcomers, Mercedes Lopez Acea, 48, first secretary of the Havana communist party, and Salvador Valdes Mesa, 64, head of the official labor federation, also earned vice presidential posts.
Former vice president Esteban Lazo, member of the political bureau of the Communist Party, 68, left his post upon being named parliament president on Sunday, replacing Ricardo Alarcon, who served for 20 years.
Six of the Council’s top seven members sit on the party’s political bureau which is also lead by Castro.
The National Assembly meets for just a few weeks each year and delegates its legislative powers between sessions to the 31-member Council of State, which also functions as the nation’s executive through the Council of Ministers it appoints.
Eighty percent of the 612 deputies, who were elected in an uncontested vote on February 3, and with an average age under 50, were born after the revolution.