Elon Musk has testified that he was sure he had backing from Saudi financiers in 2018 to take Tesla Inc private but said the fund later backpedalled on its commitment, as he defended against claims he defrauded investors by later tweeting about his electric car company.
At a trial in a United States federal court in San Francisco, California, on Monday, Musk told the investors’ lawyer Nicholas Porritt that he had met on July 31, 2018, with representatives of Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, the Public Investment Fund (PIF), at Tesla’s Fremont, California factory.
Musk said he did not discuss a takeover price, but the Saudi representatives made clear they would do what it took to make a buyout happen.
“PIF unequivocally wanted to take Tesla private,” he said.
Musk subsequently said that Yasir al-Rumayyan, governor of the fund, later backpedalled on the commitment to take Tesla private.
“I was very upset because he had been unequivocal in his support for taking Tesla private when we met and now he appeared to be backpedalling,” Musk testified.
Attorneys for al-Rumayyan did not immediately return a request for comment.
The lawyer for the investors told the court that written evidence does not support Musk’s claim that the Saudi fund made a commitment to him, adding that minutes of a meeting between Musk and the Saudis showed the Saudis wanted to learn more about Musk’s plan.
The trial tests Musk’s penchant for taking to Twitter to air his sometimes irreverent views, and when the world’s second-richest person can be held liable for crossing a line.
At stake are millions of dollars for shareholders who claim they suffered losses after Musk tweeted on August 7, 2018, that he had “funding secured” to take Tesla private at $420 per share and that “investor support is confirmed”.
Tesla’s stock price surged after Musk’s tweets and later fell as it became clear the buyout would not happen.
A jury of nine will decide whether the billionaire artificially inflated Tesla’s share price by touting the buyout’s prospects, and if so, by how much.
The plaintiffs have already cleared high legal hurdles in the rare securities class action, with US Judge Edward Chen ruling last May that Musk’s post was untruthful and reckless.
But in Monday’s testimony, Musk said he believed he could have sold enough shares of his rocket company SpaceX to fund a buyout and “felt funding was secured” with SpaceX stock alone.
‘Not a joke’
Musk was also sued by the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) over the tweets, leading to a combined $40m in settlements for him and Tesla and a requirement that a Tesla lawyer screen some of his tweets in advance.
The SEC had alleged that Musk rounded the alleged buyout offer to $420 per share from $419 because he had recently learned about the higher amount’s “significance in marijuana culture” and thought his girlfriend would find it funny.
Musk denied having thought that.
“It was chosen because it was a 20 percent premium over the stock price,” he testified. “The $420 price was not a joke.”
Musk testified calmly, in contrast to his occasional combative testimony in earlier trials.
He began testifying on Friday, telling jurors that while Twitter, which he bought in October, was the most democratic way to communicate, his tweets did not always affect Tesla stock the way he expects.
“Just because I tweet something does not mean people believe it or will act accordingly,” Musk said.
Alex Spiro, Musk’s lawyer, said in his opening statement last week that Musk believed he had Saudi financing, and tried to protect the “everyday shareholder” from media leaks by tweeting, though his tweet contained “technical inaccuracies”.
The defendants also include current and former Tesla directors, who Spiro said had “pure” motives in their response to Musk’s plan.