Taiwanese chipmaker TSMC is planning to produce chips with advanced 3-nanometre technology at its new factory in the US state of Arizona but the plans are not completely finalised yet, the company’s founder Morris Chang said on Monday.
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co, a major Apple supplier and the world’s largest contract chipmaker, is constructing a $12bn plant in Arizona.
Last year, the Reuters news agency reported TSMC’s plans to build more chipmaking factories in Arizona, including discussions about whether its next plant should be more advanced which could make chips with 3-nanometer technology compared with the slower, less-efficient 5-nanometer chips that will be churned out when the facility begins production.
Chang, speaking to reporters in Taipei after returning from the APEC summit in Thailand, said the 3-nanometre plant would be located at the same Arizona site as the 5-nanometre plant.
“Three-nanometre, TSMC right now has a plan, but it has not been completely finalised,” said Chang, who has retired from TSMC but remains influential in the company and the broader chip industry.
“It has almost been finalised – in the same Arizona site, phase two. Five-nanometre is phase one, 3-nanometre is phase two.”
TSMC, Asia’s most valuable listed company, declined to comment.
The company is holding a “tool-in” ceremony in Arizona on December 6.
Chang said he would be attending, along with TSMC customers and suppliers and US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo.
Chang added that US President Joe Biden has also been invited, but that he did not know if he would be going.
Taiwan’s dominant position as a maker of chips used in technology from mobile phones and cars to fighter jets has caused concern the world is too reliant on the island, especially as China ramps up military pressure to assert its sovereignty claims.
The United States and Europe are putting up billions in incentives to get companies to make chips closer to home, courting in particular Taiwanese firms.
Chang said people had just woken up to how important chips were.
“There are a lot of jealous people, jealous of Taiwan’s excellent chip manufacturing,” he said. “So there are also a lot of people who for various reasons, whether it is for national security or making money, hope to manufacture more chips in their countries.”
Chang said in his meetings at APEC, “Many countries asked me, can we go to their countries to manufacture chips?”
He did not say which countries those were.