Airlines are altering schedules to limit their exposure to Ukrainian airspace, while continuing flights into and out of the country as its standoff with Russian troops massed at the border intensifies.
Ryanair Holdings Plc, Europe’s largest discount airline, has reduced the number of flights with Ukraine, according to a spokeswoman.
“The safety of our passengers and crew is our number one priority and we will continue to monitor our schedules and adjust accordingly,” the Irish carrier said in an emailed statement Thursday.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG and its Swiss and Austrian units have switched some flights to Kyiv from evenings to mornings due to safety concerns to avoid having crews stay overnight in the Ukrainian capital, a spokesman said. Dutch carrier KLM also said its crews aren’t overnighting.
Carriers have generally avoided overflying Ukraine since a Malaysia Airlines Bhd. jetliner was shot down over separatist-held territory in the eastern part of the country in 2014. Commercial flights are still prohibited over eastern Ukraine and Crimea.
International investigators concluded that Malaysian Flight 17, en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, was brought down by a Russian-made surface-to-air missile. President Vladimir Putin rejected allegations that Russia was behind the action.
Diplomats are working to defuse the latest crisis, which has seen the buildup of more than 100,000 Russian troops on Ukraine’s border. On Thursday, U.S. President Joe Biden repeated warnings that Russia could invade Ukraine next month. Russia has denied it plans to invade.
Canadian aircraft operators were advised on Jan. 19 not to fly over southern and eastern Ukraine “due to the potential risk from heightened military activity and dedicated anti-aviation weaponry in eastern Ukraine.”
Air France has extended the practice of avoiding eastern Ukraine on flights to Asia and is now diverting around the entire country, according to a spokesman. The French arm of Air France-KLM is keeping up normal service on its twice-weekly rotation between Paris and Kyiv, with same-day turnarounds.
Carriers including LOT Polish Airlines and Hungary’s Wizz Air Holdings Plc are also keeping up direct service but said they were ready to change plans if necessary.
“We continue to monitor the situation closely in Ukraine, however we have not made any changes to our schedule,” Wizz said.
Security protocols will be triggered in case of any danger, LOT said in an email. “Any decisions about canceling flights to Kyiv, Lviv or Odessa will be made based on recommendations of aviation regulators,” the company said.
KLM determines whether to fly over a country through a security analysis incorporating airline input with government intelligence, defense and counter-terrorism sources, it said in a statement.
The European Union Aviation Safety Agency said it’s monitoring developments in coordination with the aviation industry and the European Commission, a spokeswoman said.
Willie Walsh, the director general of the International Air Transport Association, said the airline trade group is working with Eurocontrol, which oversees European airspace, to ensure traffic that needs to get into and around Ukraine can avoid areas of potential conflict.
“This is a region of the world that has seen issues in the past,” Walsh said at a Jan. 25 briefing. “Most airlines have significantly reduced the amount of traffic going through the airspace and that’s been the case for a number years.”