Only a fraction of transactions in Pakistan are on the books, but a new cash transfer programme aims to change that.
Targeted efforts to improve the income of the world’s poorest households are benefitting nearly 92 million people across 75 countries, according to a World Bank study.
Designed to drive people out of extreme poverty, these programmes usually combine cash or in-kind transfers, training and access to finance, and have seen an “unprecedented surge” in recent years, the lender said in its State of Economic Inclusion report published on Tuesday.
The report comes as the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to push more than 100 million people into extreme poverty, driving up numbers for the first time in 20 years.
Currently, an estimated 700 million people live in extreme poverty, meaning they survive on less than $1.90 a day.
“One of the most stubborn challenges we face in development is positively transforming the lives of the extreme poor and vulnerable – a problem exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic,” Mari Pangestu, the World Bank’s managing director for Development Policy and Partnerships, said in a statement.
“This report presents – for the first time – a systematic review of economic inclusion programmes around the world, and sheds light on how governments can best invest in social protection, jobs, and financial inclusion.”
Conducted through 2020, the report examined more than 200 programmes in 75 countries which often involved collaboration between governments and international agencies.
It found governments globally were increasingly scaling up economic inclusion initiatives through social safety nets and many programmes focused on helping women.
Shameran Abed, a senior director at development organisation BRAC, said these initiatives aimed to give a “big push” to “help the poorest get into productive activity” through a complex mix of interventions such as mentoring and income support.
“Within two years you could actually put people onto a sustainable path out of poverty,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
“In the new post-COVID world, we do need to put people on more resilient livelihoods.”
The report also highlighted the key challenges in expanding these interventions to help more people, including concerns of financial sustainability and reaching those in most need.
“We, for years, had insufficient knowledge about costs and about effectiveness of programmes,” said Michal Rutkowski, the World Bank’s global director for Social Protection and Jobs.
He added that informal workers in urban areas form the majority of those who are slipping into poverty.
“With all of the evidence which is available in the report, I think we will be moving ahead faster,” he said.