United States Republicans and Democrats faced difficult talks on Tuesday on how best to recover from the coronavirus pandemic, after Republicans unveiled a relief proposal days before millions of Americans lose federal unemployment benefits.
Senate Republicans announced on Monday a one-trillion-dollar coronavirus aid package hammered out with the White House, which would slash the current expanded unemployment benefit from the $600 a week in addition to state unemployment, which expires on Friday, to $200.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell touted the proposal as a “tailored and targeted” plan to reopen schools and businesses, while protecting companies from lawsuits.
The plan sparked immediate opposition from both Democrats and Republicans. Democrats decried it as too limited, and too late, compared with their three-trillion-dollar proposal that passed the House of Representatives in May.
Some Republicans said it was too expensive.
The Republican proposal would give many Americans direct payments of $1,200 each, one area of common ground with the Democrats.
It would also provide billions in loans to small businesses and help schools reopen.
There is widespread agreement between the two political parties that more money is needed for virus testing, to help schools prepare to begin their new year and to shore up small businesses but they are far apart on the details.
Republicans seek $16bn for virus testing, but Democrats want $75bn.
For school reopenings, Democrats want four times the $105bn Republicans have proposed.
Democrats also want to extend a federal eviction moratorium on millions of rental units that is expiring Friday, but Republicans are silent on evictions.
The federal supplemental unemployment benefit has been a financial lifeline for laid-off workers and a key support for consumer spending. Democrats quickly denounced the cuts as draconian when millions of Americans cannot return to shuttered workplaces.
Many Republicans insist the high unemployment payout encourages Americans to stay home rather than go back to work. Their proposal would put the $200 weekly supplemental payment in place until states create a system to provide a 70 percent wage replacement for laid-off workers.
Democrats said the $200 suggestion is insufficient and would damage the economy, and scoffed at suggestions that people would rather stay home.
“People want to work, Republican friends. They just don’t have jobs to do it. We’re not going to let them starve while that happens,” Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer said in a Senate speech criticising Republicans.
“Let’s get something done. America desperately needs our help,” he said.
Schumer and Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi are due to meet later on Tuesday with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, after a session on Monday evening.
McConnell said no bill would go to a vote without liability protection, that he said is not for businesses only.
The bill also includes a provision that would restore hundreds of millions of dollars in US defence spending that President Donald Trump’s administration had diverted in order to pay for a wall along the US border with Mexico, according to the Washington Post newspaper.
The partisan dispute comes as US coronavirus cases have passed 4.3 million, with nearly 150,000 people killed in the country, and tens of millions out of work.
The Democratic-led House in May passed its three-trillion-dollar coronavirus relief bill known as the “HEROES Act,” but the Republican-led Senate refused to consider it.
McConnell acknowledged that the Republican “HEALS Act” was just a starting point for negotiations that would need bipartisan support to become law.
In his remarks opening the Senate on Tuesday, McConnell accused Democrats of risking Americans’ wellbeing amid the health and economic crisis by playing politics.
“The HEALS Act is full of provisions that I would frankly dare my Democratic colleagues to actually say they oppose,” McConnell said.