Chancellor Angela Merkel’s coalition agreed on a sweeping 130 billion-euro ($146 billion) stimulus package designed to spur short-term consumer spending and get businesses investing again.
The wide-ranging plan exceeded the top end of expectations by 30%. Alongside an immediate jolt from a temporary reduction in value-added tax, Germany allocated money to build out its 5G data networks, improve railways and double incentives for electric vehicles.
Keep readinglist of 4 items
In one of the most contentious issues in the talks, the auto industry fell short of its goal of getting direct government support for purchases of conventional cars, as Merkel sent a signal that she intends to take a longer term view in fostering a recovery of Europe’s largest economy.
“We couldn’t just set out a stimulus package that was done in the traditional sense,” Merkel told reporters late Wednesday in Berlin. “It had to be a package of measures that contained a view to the future. And this is precisely what we have emphasized.”
Following an initial shot of stimulus in March, Merkel’s administration vowed to spend whatever it takes to get the country growing again. Including programs to guarantee company liquidity, Germany has made more than 1.3 trillion euros available — the most in the European Union by far. Still, the efforts couldn’t prevent unemployment rising in May to the highest level since late 2015.
“It’s big, it’s bold, but let’s face it, that’s what’s needed,” Simon Wells, HSBC’s chief European economist, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television. Christian Schulz, an economist at Citigroup Inc. in Frankfurt, said the tax cut in particular was “a big and welcome surprise to us.”
“The idea is that households bring forward some spending on discretionary items, which then sets off a virtuous cycle of rising demand feeding on itself,” Schulz wrote in a note to clients.
After tense negotiations over two days, the chancellor overcame an impasse in the governing parties to broker a deal, which covers programs running through 2021.
The euro briefly extended its advance for the day after Bloomberg first reported the agreement, reaching an almost 12-week high of $1.1257, before paring its gains.
After a brief period of unity at the height of the pandemic, party differences waylayed efforts to revive Germany’s faltering economy. Merkel’s Christian Democrat-led bloc was keen to limit the amount of new debt and get businesses investing again, while the Social Democrats were pushing for higher spending and measures focusing on workers and families.
The latest stimulus package could represent the last major spending initiative before elections late next year, meaning stakes for the ruling parties were high.
“I am satisfied and I am confident that this is a genuinely powerful package for Germany that will give a short-term boost to growth,” Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, leader of Merkel’s CDU party, said Thursday in an interview with Welt TV.
The Social Democrats have been in crisis ever since reluctantly agreeing to enter the coalition two years ago, while Merkel’s conservative bloc faces its first national campaign in nearly two decades without the chancellor, who has said she will leave politics when her current term ends.
The package is part of a deeper shift by Merkel. In the final phase of her political career, the chancellor is looking to take a more activist approach to managing Germany’s economy.
The first step is to pull Germany out of deep recession. Weeks of stringent restrictions to contain the virus hurt demand for everything from Volkswagen cars to Adidas shoes and prompted the landmark 9 billion-euro bailout of Deutsche Lufthansa AG. The economy is expected to contract by more than 6% this year, which would be a more severe contraction than during the financial crisis.
“We have tried to do the best we can in a very, very difficult situation,” Merkel said.