The Astana process and implementation of de-escalation zones have imposed new realities on Syria’s armed opposition.
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Safe zones represent a solution to the symptom and not the larger problem.
A quick take on some of the key questions about what next for Syria’s war.
The collapse of the armed opposition in Aleppo has removed the major military threats to regime advancement.
With no other military or political solution on offer, the Syrian conflict will nestle back into a disastrous stalemate.
The agreement’s narrow military focus ignores the key question of political transition.
The makeshift constitution is the latest effort to model post-conflict Syria in the Russian vision.
Aleppo has come to symbolise the devastation wrought on Syria and its population.
As we enter the sixth year of the conflict, we are further away from a sustainable solution than at any other point.